Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoags

Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoags - Chief Massasoit of the...

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Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoags Massasoit was born around 1580-90 in the village of Pokanoket near present-day Bristol, Rhode Island and died 1661-62 near Bristol, Rhode Island. The name “Massasoit” is a title meaning “Grand Sachem” or “Great Leader”. Massasoit was also known by other names such as: Yellow Feather (Ousa Mequin), Woosamequin, Asumequine, Oosamequin, Osamekin, Ousamequine, and Ussamequen. Little is known about Massasoit prior to contacting with the Pilgrims in 1621. All that is known is that he rose to leadership over 8 large villages, he had residences in Middleborough and Raynham, and had 2 brothers who were mentioned in earlier records: Quadequina (older brother) and Akkompion (younger brother). Quadequina was considered one of the “two kings”, suggesting that he was the Massasoit’s Chief Councilor. Massasoit also had 3 known sons and 2 daughters: Alexander (Moanam, Wamsutta) was the oldest born 1621-24, Philip (Pometacomet), Amie (Sonkanuchoo), and 2 other unnamed children. The first time contact was made with the English by Massasoit was in 1619, where he met Capt. Thomas Dermer and second Governor of the Plymouth Colony, William Bradford. When the Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower, they were very sick and weak and the settlers had to spend the winter in extreme hunger. They had very little food left after the long voyage, so about half of them died of hunger, disease, and bad weather. But the Wampanoags provided food, advice and other important help. The Wampanoags along with Massasoit, taught the Pilgrims how to build houses, hunt for food, and survive in the wilderness.
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The second time contact was made was in 1621 when Massasoit negotiated a treaty with the Pilgrims in which it was a peace agreement between the two villages that
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course APG 311 taught by Professor Kane during the Spring '08 term at Rhode Island.

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Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoags - Chief Massasoit of the...

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