3 for 2007 - Racial and Ethnic Inequality Chapter 3 Race Myth and Reality Socially constructed to categorize people Biological Characteristics Defined

3 for 2007 - Racial and Ethnic Inequality Chapter 3 Race...

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Racial and Ethnic Inequality Chapter 3
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Race: Myth and Reality Socially constructed to categorize people Biological Characteristics; Defined Important Box checking, for instance Does this mean we should stop using it? More scientific differences within groups than between, b/ c we are Homo Sapiens 7 million of us define ourselves as multiracial and there is more intergroup dating and marriage-neat categories don’t work well; multiracial is fastest growing catgegory Racism : asserting one race is less worthy or biologically inferior to another
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Ethnicity Shared cultural history Language Religion Ancestry Traditions Behaviors Customs
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Minorities (59-60) A group society disadvantages because of cultural or biological traits (or both) Visibility: physical or cultural (race/ethnicity) Power Numbers, ¼ of population, however based on visibility and power it is possible to have majority minority (women)
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Majority-Minority Interactions (60- 63) Genocide : systematic killing; Rwanda, Bosnia, Germany, Armenia, Darfur, Cambodia, Indians… Segregation : physical and social separation; de jure, de facto Assimilation : minorities change and “melt” into the majority Pluralism : equality for all and respect of diversity (the US has this officially, but we also have official policies of assimilation-language)
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US History Almost all of us are descendents of immigrants Great Immigration 1865-1914 Fear of change and being overtaken 1924 Quotas: Immigration Act
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More recently… 1965 quotas ended and a wave of immigration occurred again… Philippines Mexico Asia Latin America
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More Recently… 1986 Immigration Control and Reform Act Amnesty to many undocumented who were here, Hiring 1990 Immigration Act 670,000 legal per year (not refugees) 1996: to sponsor relative, they must earn 125% of poverty line 1994: Calif’s Prop 187, schools, aid, healthcare 1996: Immigration Act (Clinton) Loss of many social service benefits like food stamps and SSI for immigrants (even legal); almost none for illegal Expand Border Patrol, Fences Begin HUGE ISSUES SINCE 9/11 AND ILLEGAL RISE
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US Ethnic Groups: American Indians “Red Devils” 1871 “Wards of state” & Forced assimilation Children were put in orphanages/English schools Reservations Cultural traditions forbidden-braids, language, religion 1924 granted citizenship Current issues with poverty, alcoholism, suicide and domestic violence Reawakening/Business
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Wounded Knee Massacre, 1890
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