Communications in A Global Society Notes

Communications in A Global Society Notes - Victor Hugo`s...

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rials must remain open to the media except for an “overriding interest.” (6 th Amendment right to a fair trial) The Issues Does media coverage harm trial defendants? Do cameras turn courtrooms into circuses? Should press be banned from some trials? e nt board or commission receives revenue from taxes, it’s subject to open meeting laws sues public officials be allowed to make decisions behind closed doors? point does government secrecy become a threat? ation Act (FOIA) requires federal agencies to make most of their records available ersion of FOIA he Issues hould all government records be accessible to the public? ho decides what is off-limits? Victor Hugo’s “This Will Kill That” 00:47 When Hugo mentions “edifice,” he is referring to the architecture (p. 1) When he says “[t]he press will kill the church,” he means that an advancing  institution is replacing an older one (p. 2) Because “[a]ll civilization begins in theocracy and ends in democracy,” religion is  made void (p.3) Until Gutenberg invented the movable-type press, architecture was the primary  source for storing history and passing it down to newer generations (besides by  oral) Note: This comes from the printout I have. “This Will Kill That” is the second  chapter of Victor Hugo’s  the Hunchback of Notre Dame .
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The Beginning of the Media 00:47 The printing press brought about the spread of information in religion, philosophy,  and science William Caxton helped make stories available to the public (by printing books)  (published  Aesop , Bibles,  Canterbury   Tales , etc.) Henry VIII took over the press in the 1500s through the requirement of licenses Henry VIII establishes prior restraint Media is important to the kind of democracy we have today  John Milton introduces the marketplace (or competition) of ideas 2800 BCE papyrus started showing up about 1000 BCE, Phoenicians came up with the alphabet (the FIRST  INFORMATION REVOLUTION) Greeks came up with the 23 letter alphabet News begins to be distributed around 100 AD- 300 AD (Romans and their  decree’s) Mercurias was the messenger for the Greek gods Some historians believe the first movable type was created in China, but  Gutenberg’s was what got Europe going Gutenberg helped to make books more available (an oral culture moved to a  written culture) Priests typically had the information (and thus the power)   feudal society From the movable type came about the Protestant Reformation and spread of  information lead to the discovery of the New World Muckrakers tended to focus on abuse by industry (i.e. Ida B Wells, Lincoln  Steffens, Ida Tarbell, Upton Sinclair)
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Communications in A Global Society Notes - Victor Hugo`s...

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