The independence of Eritrea

The independence of Eritrea - Solomon 1 The Independence of...

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Solomon 1 The Independence of Eritrea Eritrea is located in east Africa, with a population of 4 million people. Eritrea achieved formal independence in 1993, after a long and bloody devastating struggle for liberation. Since its independence Eritrea has focused on economic and social development, emergency relief operation, reconstruction as well as rehabilitation. Eritrea had a long bloody struggle for independence which Ethiopia should acknowledge and stopped the war. First we will focus on history and ethnic structure of Eritrea and its surrounding region in east Africa. Furthermore, it will be necessary to take a closer look at reasons why Eritrea broke away from Ethiopia. Then, we will take a look at the actual struggle for independence of Eritrea. And finally, we will conclude with the future outlook of the newly independent nation. Eritrea is one of the newest and most promising nations in Africa. Eritrea recently fought and won one of the longest wars in the world. After thirty years of hard struggle, Eritrea achieved total independence and self determination. The Eritrean people achieved their goals in 1991 after the death of thousands of military forces of Ethiopia. Prior to Italian colonization in 1885, what is now Eritrea had been ruled by the various local or international powers that successively dominated the Red sea region? (Karen 44.) In 1896, the Italians used Eritrea as a springboard for their disastrous attempt to conquer Ethiopia. Eritrea was placed under British military administration after the Italians surrounded in World War 2. In 1952, a UN resolution federating Eritrea with Ethiopia went into effect. The resolution ignored Eritrean pleas for independence but guaranteed Eritrean some democratic rights and a measure of autonomy. Almost immediately after the federation went into effect, however, these rights began to be
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Solomon 2 abridged or violated. In 1962, Emperor Hail Sellassie unilaterally dissolved the Eritrean parliament and annexed the country, sparking the Eritrean fight for independence from Ethiopia that continued after Haile Sellassie was ousted in a coup in 1974. 46) The new Ethiopian government, called the Derg, was a Marxist military junta led by strong man Mengistu Haile Mariam. Eritrea contains nine ethnic groups. Most of the Christians live in the high lands, while Muslims and ad he rents of traditional beliefs live in lowland regions. Tigrinya and Arabic are the most frequently used languages for commercial and official transactions, but English is widely spoken and is used for secondary and university education. These have their own social system and values, generally following their religious beliefs. For example, a Muslim man may have as many as seven wives. However, all nine ethnic groups give respected social standing to religious leaders and elders. Elders play a big role as leaders, problem solvers and peace makers. They handle marriages, and divorce problems in their families. Eritreans believe children are a gift from God. Most families
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course ENG 102 taught by Professor Diskinson during the Spring '07 term at Haverford.

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The independence of Eritrea - Solomon 1 The Independence of...

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