Notes September 13 - Notes Agenda Recap Part I Overview of...

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Notes September 13, 2005 Agenda: Recap Part I Overview of This Week’s Agenda Begin part II of the Class This Week’s Agenda Basic Nuts and Bolts o Definitions o Hierarchy of Laws o Court Organization o Jurisdiction and Venue Courts and the American Political System o A First Look o A Spatial Model of Separation of Powers Part II: Some Definitions Law: a body of rules enacted by public officials, backed by the force of the state. o Public Law: directly involves the government, both relationships among governmental entities and the relationship between citizens and the state. Taxes, Constitution: Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances o Private Law: governs relationships among private entities. Contract disputes among neighbors, property rights. o Criminal Law: is a body of public law that aims to prevent harm to society. It declares what conduct is criminal and prescribes punishment for such conduct. Murder, mayhem, battery, assault. o Civil Law: a body of private law that is concerned with private rights and remedies. Civil and Private law are used interchangeably.
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