body fat- jax - Running head BODY FAT AND EATING DISORDERS...

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Running head: BODY FAT AND EATING DISORDERS 1 Body Fat and Eating Disorders Jackie Johnson SCI/220 November19,2016 Brandi Knight
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BODY FAT AND EATING DISORDERS 2 Body Fat and Eating Disorders Abnormal or disordered eating occurs when a person is overly concerned with food, eating and body size and shape. Obesity and eating disorders are sadly part of people’s everyday life. Let’s talk about obesity first, for example in the U.S 69% of today’s adults at re either overweight or obese. Yes, believe it or not there is a difference in the two; being overweight means being too heavy for one’s height or having a body mass index (BMI) of 25-29.9 kilograms. Being obese is having a BMI of 30 kg or greater. Having too much body fat whether it be a little or a lot, over weigh or obese can cause a host of chronic health problems, including high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, gall bladder issues, liver disease, arthritis, sleep disorders, respiratory problems, menstrual irregularities, and cancers of the breast, uterus, prostrate, and colon (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2015). Being obese can also increase the incidence and severity of infectious disease and has been linked to poor wound healing and surgical complications. The more body fat one has the greater the risk to your health (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2015). The more and longer you carry excess body fat, the more the risks increase; individuals who gain excessive weight when they are in their adolescence years usually stay obese or overweight throughout life. Overweight and obese individuals at any age, are at an increased risk for depression, negative self-image, and feelings of inadequacy. They are also more likely to be discriminated against in high school, the workplace, and on public transportation. In 2011–2014, the prevalence of obesity was just over 36% in adults and 17% in youth. The prevalence of obesity was higher in women (38.3%) than in men (34.3%). Among all youth, no difference was seen by sex. The prevalence of obesity was higher among middle-aged
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BODY FAT AND EATING DISORDERS 3 (40.2%) and older (37.0%) adults than younger (32.3%) adults. The prevalence of obesity was higher among non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adults and youth than among non-Hispanic Asian adults and youth. From 1999 through 2014, obesity prevalence increased among adults and youth. However, among youth, prevalence did not change from 2003–2004 through 2013–2014 (Control, 2015).
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