Lecture Notes November 28th - SOCI 210 Sociological...

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Chapter 13 / Exercise 13.235
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
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SOCI 210- Sociological Perspectives 11/29/2016°Lecture 1, September 6th, 2016 °°INTRO. Defining sociology is a difficult task because sociologists “do” different types of sociology. °°Definition: Scientific study of society °Textbook Chapter: “The systematic study of society and social interaction”. °°Two main concepts: Society and Science °°Society: ”A group of people whose members interact, reside in a definable area, and share a culture.” Contested concept though oDisagreement about group-ness, shared culture. Blurred boundaries of society. Most sociologists use term for simplicity’s sake but don’t like it. B/c of this, most sociologists prefer to define as it as the scientific study of SOCIAL RELATIONS.Similar to parts of psych, econ, polis ci, e.t.coBut different in breadth and focusBroad View: other disciplines take a limited view, but sociology analyzes all types and aspects of social relations.oThe other things like econ and psych are subsumed by sociology. oBenefits of this view: Different perspective, able to see how alltypes of social relations are interrelated and influential.oDisadvantages: Not able to go into the same depth as other social scientific disciplines, and sociology is more eclectic and divided than other social sciences. °Focus: Relationships. Relative to other disciplines, sociology focuses more on relationship between individuals and social structures.oSee individual and social structures as in-separable oSOCIAL STRUCTURE: Enduring patterns of social relations. oEx: Family structure, economic structure, ethnic segregation. oSOCIAL RELATIONS: Embed us in structures °°SCIENCE Science: System of acquiring knowledge through empirical observation and experimentation
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Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
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Chapter 13 / Exercise 13.235
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
Keller
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Scientific Method: Seven main components o1. Question o2. Review existing findings o3. Make hypotheses o4. Observation: collect information using senses o5. Analysis: use intellect and methods to interpret data o6. Report Results o7. Testing: apply initial findings to additional situations to see if it holds Scientific Assumptions oScience is based on 3 main assumptions. 1. We live in an external, objective world-It’s not the matrix or someone’s dream. 2. It is possible to gather accurate information about this world.-Our senses allow us to gather this information 3. There is order and regularity in the world—everythingisn’t random, there are causes Is sociology really a science? Postmodern sociologists: Believe at least one of the scientific assumptions is faulty o– Question Assumption 2: We lack the capacity to gather accurate information about the social world. Socialization: Affects how we perceive and interpret the social world. Discourse:Collections of ideas that shape how we perceive the world and actions that we take.

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