Reconstruction and the Jim Crow South(1880s-1950s)January 20, 2015IDENTIFICATION TERMS:(Redemption)(Compromise of 1877)Plessy v. FergusonDisenfranchisementKu Klux KlanRedemption (1870s)The former enslaved in the South we’re given the right to vote (enfranchised) in 1867. They’re elected to local and state offices, and some even to the United States Congress. Under the protection of federal troops, former slaves we’re free to travel the region to find their family members. They also changed their names to those of founding fathers orthose working to end slavery. Previously, their last names were an indicator of which plantation they worked on. **Radical Republicans controlled Congress and the admittance of the Southern states.White Southerners viewed African American participation in politics with great disgust. They were viewed as subhuman, and weren’t considered to be at the same biological and genetic level as whites.Redeemers: pushed to reverse the changes made by Reconstructionmany former Confederate soldierscreated organizations to fight ReconstructionKu Klux Klan**- initially created as a social organizationessentially sought to overturn Reconstructionwanted to bring back the period before the Civil WarFreedmen’s Bureau – employed people to educate former slaves and help them find jobsemployees and schools owned by the Bureau we’re vandalized or burnedUlysses Grant fought the Klan in the early 1870s as president.