Expansion and Conquest of Europe Chapter

Expansion and Conquest of Europe Chapter - Expansion and...

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Expansion and Conquest of Europe By Alex Auger 1.24.08 Overview: In the late fifteenth and sixteenth century, Europeans broaden their horizons and explored all over the Earth. The Ottoman Empire had secured a trading route between the Indian Ocean and Europe. A major motivation for the Europeans was to take over and expand those trading routes. Europe had just suffered a horrible plague which decimated the population. Europe at this time period was wealthier and more self confident. European had two main goals for their conquest: to save souls and to make money. Europe was ready to conquer and find new products and places. Key Words and Ideas to Understand: The Columbian Exchange, which occurred at 1492, allowed an enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, food, slaves, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres. The Columbian Exchange greatly affected almost every society on earth, bringing destructive diseases that depopulated many cultures, and also circulating a wide variety of new crops and livestock that, in the long term, increased rather than diminished the world. The transatlantic trade linked Europe to Africa to the Americas (“triangle trade”). This was created because European sailors had the idea to save souls and to make money off new lands. Therefore, European manufactures paid for African slaves. Slaves were brought to the Americas through the “Middle Passage”. Colonial colonies produced goods such as sugars, dyes, silver, cotton, cacao, tobacco and furs were brought back to Europe. There was an estimated 11 million African brought to the Americans. American identity structured around language, food, music,
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Hoyt during the Spring '08 term at Loyola New Orleans.

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Expansion and Conquest of Europe Chapter - Expansion and...

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