Prelim 1 - Study Guide

Prelim 1 - Study Guide - CHAPTER ONE(3-49 What is a theory...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER ONE (3-49) What is a theory? A theory is an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts behavior Name and explain three basic issues in child development, on which most theories take a stand. Continuous vs. Discontinuous o Children gradually augment the same types of skills that were there to begin with o Children gain new ways of understanding and responding to the world at specific times One Course vs. Many Courses o Children grew up in distinct contexts; unique combinations of personal and environmental circumstances that can result in different paths of change. o These contexts foster different cognitive capacities, social skills, and feelings about the self and others Nature vs. Nurture o Biological givens & the hereditary information we receive from our parents at the moment of conception o Complex forces of the physical and social world What four factors has research on resiliency found that seem to offer protection from stressful life  events? Personal Characteristics o o Easygoing, sociable dispositions special capacity to adapt to change
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Warm Parental Relationship o Close relationship with at least one parent who provides warmth & high expectations, monitors their activities, and an organized home. Social Support outside the Family o Strong bond to a competent, caring adult o Associations with rule-abiding peers who value school achievement o Good schools, convenient & affordable health care and social services, libraries, recreation centers o Extracurricular activities, youth groups, scouting, and other organizations How were children viewed in medieval Europe? Clear awareness existed of children as vulnerable beings and of childhood as a distinct developmental period. How did John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau view children? John Locke o “Tabula Rasa” parents are rational tutors who can mold the child however they wish through careful instruction, effective example, and rewards for behavior o o Continuous, nurture, many courses of development, change at later ages.
Background image of page 2
Jean Jacques Rousseau o “Noble Savages” naturally endowed with a sense of right and wrong, and innate plan for orderly, healthy growth. Children determine their own destiny. o Discontinuous, stagewise, one course of development, nature. What did G. Stanley Hall and Arnold Gesell contribute to the study of child development? G. Stanley Hall is the founder of the child-study movement.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course HD 1150 taught by Professor Schelhas-miller,c. during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

Page1 / 42

Prelim 1 - Study Guide - CHAPTER ONE(3-49 What is a theory...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online