Final Review - Final Review DSOC CHAPTER FIVE "Human...

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Final Review – DSOC CHAPTER FIVE “Human beings interpret or ‘define’ each other’s actions instead of merely reacting to each other’s actions.” The ability to define social reality reflects a group’s power within a society The most crucial aspect of group interaction is the ability of the dominant or majority group is to define a society’s values. Social change involves redefining or reconstructing this social reality In order for society to change the dominant group must become subordinate Social Structure is broken into five elements 1. Status o Refers to any of the full range of socially defined positions within a large group or society o ASCRIBED: assigned to a person by society without regard for the person’s unique talents or characteristics We can do little to change an ascribed status. o ACHIEVED: comes to us largely through our own efforts o MASTER: status that dominates others and thereby determines a person’s general position in society Our society gives such importance to race and gender that they often dominate our lives. 2. Social Roles o A set of expectations for people who occupy a given social position or status Enables members to anticipate the behavior of others and to pattern their own actions accordingly o CONFLICT occurs when incompatible expectations arise from two or more social positions held by the same person. o STRAIN describes the difficulty that arises when the same social position imposes conflicting demands and expectations o EXIT describes the process of disengagement from a role that is central to one’s self-identity in order to establish a new role and identity FOUR STAGE MODEL: [1] doubt, [2] search for alternatives, [3] action or departure, and [4] creation of a new identity
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Final Review Development Sociology 3. Groups o Any number of people with similar norms, values, and expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis Primary: refers to a small group characterized by intimate, face-to- face association and cooperation Secondary: refers to a formal, impersonal group in which there is little social intimacy or mutual understanding
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Final Review - Final Review DSOC CHAPTER FIVE "Human...

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