Terrorism NotesFINAL - Terrorism Notes Myth N1 of...

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Terrorism Notes 09/07/2016 8/31/2016 ° ° Myth N1 of terrorists: ° 4 types of terrorism groups: ° 1. Instrumental violence ° 2. Revenge ° 3. Dominance and recognition ° 4. Ideology ° Terrorist groups are decentralized and self-organized. Not all groups have goals/missions that involve the west Even with groups that have similar agendas may be at odds with one another. o (They may be in competition for power, news, weapons etc.) Although some terrorist have been labeled successful, the majority of terrorist attacks fail Reasons for failing: lack of sophistication, education and competence ° 2015 was the deadliest year, more than half of the terrorist occurred in just three countries, top 5 deadliest include, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nigeria Since 2000, 140,000 people dead Only 2.6% if deaths in the 21 st century took place in western countries Excluding 9/11 its .5% Lone wolves are responsible for 70% of the attacks in the west
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Americans consider top threat to America: International Terrorism ° Terrorism: A complex phenomenon, definition has evolved through time, definition differs depending on organization, groups and individuals. ° ° UN Security Council Resolution didn’t want to get involved until late in the game because many countries wanted to gain their country back and those individuals were considered terrorist, after colonialism ended. Defined as: “Criminal acts including against civilians committed with the intent to cause death or serious bodily injury, or taking of hostages with the purpose to provoke a state of terror in the general public or in a group of persons or particular persons, intimidate a population of compel a government or an international organization to do or to abstain from doing any act.” ° ° US Department of State: Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non- combatant targets, by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience” ° US Department of Justice: “the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidated or coerce a Government, the civilian population or any segment thereof in furtherance of political or social objectives.” ° ° Academic Definitions ° Definition 1 , David Rapoport : “Terror is violence with distinctive properties used for political purposes both by private parties and states. That violence in unregulated by publicly accepted norms to contain violence, the rules of war and the rules of punishment. Private groups using terror States as terrorists? o Whereas private groups employ terror by disregarding rules of war… o States employ terror by disregarding rules of punishment o Blur boundaries between guilty and innocent o Deny due process (e.g., unlawful detainment/detention) o Inflict unlawful means of punishment (e.g., torture) ° Definition 2 : Cindy Combs Terrorism as... “a synthesis of war and the theatre: a dramatization of violence which is perpetrated on innocent victims and played
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