Exam 3 Notes - Baroque Exam 3 Notes Baroque An artistic...

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Baroque Exam 3 Notes Baroque An artistic period with dates from 1600 to 1750. This period emerge parallel to Absolutism. Absolutism - the political doctrine and practice of unlimited centralized authority and absolute sovereignty, as vested especially in a monarch or dictator. Qualities most frequently associated with Baroque: grandeur sensors richness drama vitality movement tension emotional exuberance tendency to blur distinctions between the various arts Instrumental Music The baroque period saw an emergence of several instrumental forms. Here are the forms studied in class: 1 Concerto 2 Fugue 3 Suite 4 Sonata Concerto A very popular form during the baroque. Consists of a multi-movement composition (3 movements) featuring a soloist accompanied by an orchestra. The soloist could be any instrument. However, the orchestra was standardized in violins, violas cellos, basses, and a keyboard. The orchestra, which acts as accompaniment, is often called Tutti (all) The concertos had in general three contrasting movements. The order of the movements was: Fast, Slow, and Fast 1st and 3rd movement were written in Ritornello form. Ritornello In Ritornello form, the tutti (orchestra) opens in general with a theme called the ritornello (refrain). Then this musical theme alternates with sections of the concertino in this way: Tutti (Ritornello) Solo Tutti Solo
Tutti Solo Tutti Solo Etc. Fugue The future is a composition with a very strict structure. It begins with a melody (subject) that is successively imitated by other “voices”. The first large section of the future is called Exposition. This section consists of the subject presented by the 1st voice and then by all the other voices that will take part in the fugue. Once that the last voice has presented the subject the exposition of the fugue ends. After the “Exposition” the future presents an Episode. In here the voices are free to play melodic material but in generally all the material emanates from the subject. That is, the subject can be played backwards, in augmentation in diminution, fragmented, etc. Suite The suite during the baroque was similar to that of the Renaissance. However, a new suite emerged that, despite having its origin in dance music, was meant to be listened to.

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