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Psychology 101 4-30

Psychology 101 4-30 - Psychology 101 Chapter 16...

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Psychology 101 Chapter 16: Psychological Disorders Outline I.) Perspectives on Psychological Disorders A.) Defining Psychological Disorders 1.) Psychological Disorders -a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive and unjustifiable. a.) Atypical behavior is disordered and disturbing behavior b.) Maladaptive behaviors must be distressing or disabling or put one at greatly increased risk of suffering or death. i.) Key to defining a disorder c.) Unjustifiable behaviors are those seeming rationally only to the person performing the behavior B.) Understanding Psychological Disorders 1.) In earlier times, to explain puzzling behavior, people often presumed that strange forces were at work. And use “barbaric” treatment for these causes a.) Strange forces: Movement of the stars, Godlike powers, or evil spirits b.) Barbaric treatments: Caging, Burning, Beating, etc. 2.) The Medicine Model a.) Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) proposed madness was a sickness of
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