PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES

PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES - PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES (Fair...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES (Fair Game Sheet) INTRODUCTORY LECTURE: TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGY Experimental [“hard”] Sciences- specifics, precision, measurements Physiological Psychology Psychophysics (Sensation and Perception) Quantitative (Math) Psychology Animal Experimental Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Social Psychology Evolutionary Psychology Applied [“soft”] Sciences- applied, broad questions, gray areas, interpretation, answer questions that are more meaningful Industrial Psychology Consumer Psychology Neuropsychology Clinical Psychology Counseling Psychology Educational and school Psychology BRAIN-IN-THE-VAT PROBLEM if your brain is physically in one place and your body is in another, then where are you? HISTORY AND RESEARCH METHODS MAJOR PHILOSOPHICAL QUANDARIES: Mind-body dualism/monism monism : physical and mental are one dualism : physical and mental are different aspects of reality Free will vs. Determinism free will : behavior is caused by a person’s independent decisions determinism : everything has an observable cause Nature vs. Nurture which has more influence in the end? Nature : genetics Nurture: environment
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
DEDUCTIVE VS. INDUCTIVE METHODS Deduction : process of deriving a conclusion from premises already accepted Induction : process of inferring a general principle from observations QUALITIES OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Falsifiability of hypotheses a falsifiable theory is one that is well thought out, detailed, and clear so that alternate ideas can be tested against it good theories are falsifiable just because a theory is falsifiable, does not mean it is a good theory Replicability of findings a replicable result can be repeated (at least approximately) by any competent investigator who follows the same procedures used in the original study Parsimonious explanation parsimony: the idea that theories should be simple and logical, not unnecessarily complicated Devaluation of anecdotal evidence anecdotes: people’s reports of isolated events NATURALISTIC OBSERVATIONS sit and watch CASE HISTORIES unique or rare individual cases CORRELATIONAL STUDIES see how two variables are related to each other CORRELATION VS. CAUSATION correlation : association between two variables causation : the act or process of causing; the act or agency which produces an effect correlation doesn’t necessarily mean causation EXPERIMENT studies in which the investigator manipulates at least one variable while measuring at least one other variable EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL CONDITIONS
Background image of page 2
DEPENDENT VS. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES dependent variable : item that an experimenter measures to determine how changes in the independent variable affect it independent variable : the item that an experimenter manipulates to determine how it affects the dependent variable
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 20

PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES - PSYCHOLOGY MIDTERM NOTES (Fair...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online