This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: History 102, Material for Test #2 Test on April 6 th Chapter 21 I. The Conservative Order a. The Peace Settlement i. Quadruple Alliance: Great Britain, Russia, Austria, Prussia ii. Congress of Vienna 1. The principal of legitimacy 2. A new balance of power b. Conservative Ideology i. From Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution of France ii. Obedience to political authority iii. Organized religion was crucial to social order iv. Hated revolutionary upheavals v. Unwilling to accept liberal demands or representative government II. Conservative Domination: The Concert of Europe a. The concert of Europe (aka quadruple alliance) i. Met several times: congresses ii. Quintuple Alliance (when France joined) iii. Principle of intervention 1. Outbreak of revolution in Spain and Italy 2. also set ways to put down independent movements in Latin America at the same time iv. The Revolt of Latin America 1. Bourbon monarchy of Spain toppled 2. Latin American countries begin declaring independence 3. Monroe Doctrine a. Any intervention in the Americas by European powers will be seen as a hostile act by the United States 4. Britain began to dominate Latin American economy a. Eventually in the mid 18 th , early 19 th century, Britain comes in and dominates the economy v. The Greek Revolt 1. Intervention could support revolution as well 2. Greek revolt in 1820 3. Britain, France, Russia at war a. They intervene and secure Greek independence from the Ottomans. They secure Greek territory at the expense of the Ottoman Empire III. Conservative Domination: The European States a. Great Britain: Rule of the Tories i. Landowning classes dominate Parliament ii. Tory and whig factions: Tories dominate b. Restoration in France i. Louis XVIII ii. Ultraloyalists iii. Charles X c. Intervention in the Italian States and Spain i. Conservative reaction against the forces of nationalism and liberalism d. Repression in Central Europe i. Metternich and the forces of reaction ii. Liberal and national movements in Germany 1. 3 smaller states 2. two larger states, Prussia, and Austria (both extremely conservative) iii. Karlsbad Decrees (1819) 1. classrooms, libraries, spies were put in the classrooms to report on the activities of the students and the professors e. Russia i. Rural, agricultural, and autocratic 1. feudal societal structure 2. much behind the rest of Europe 3. consisted of a very small middle class ii. Alexander I 1. open to reform, but his rule was unstable 2. fell under the influence of Metternich iii. Nicolas I 1. followed Alexander the 1 st 2. was an autocrat 3. crushed the rebellion of officers who sought to free the serfs 4. demanded complete submission to the orthodox church IV. Ideologies of Change a. Liberalism i. Economic liberalism (classical economics) 1. laissez-faire 2. free-market economies 3. reflections of the aspirations of the middle class ii. Political liberalism iii. John Stuart Mill, Our Liberty (published in 1859) 1. talks about the definition of individualism...
View Full Document
- Spring '08