study guide for second exam

study guide for second exam - 1. What are the factors that...

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1. What are the factors that influence attraction and liking? Proximity- we are attracted to people we are close to, those nearest us, geographic closeness Physical attractiveness- physically attractive photos rated more likeable, more friendly, more intelligent Similarity/opposites- we want to meet people who share our same interests Liking- perceived reciprocity of liking, increases our self esteem, self worth Repeat exposure- simple repeat exposure increases liking Changes in self esteem- recent changes in self esteem can influence choice of people - low self esteem might cause a rebound - high self esteem increases liking because matching hypothesis, everyone is great Anxiety-affects our need to interact and affiliate with others - personal anxiety kindles relationships - fraternities/sororities - Stockholm syndrome Isolation- loneliness and isolation increase attraction, standards for acceptable friends are lowered (cast a wider net) - fewer eligible partners may actually increase likelihood of finding one attractive 2. What are some of the reasons people enter into relationships? Affection Control over environment Predictability Support Companionship 3. What is the matching hypothesis? We are not attracted to the “most attractive” but to the person who matches our own perception of our own attractiveness, intelligence etc 4. What is social penetration theory? (the onion theory) Based on the idea that relationships develop almost solely through self-disclosure Because layers of the self are revealed in stages starting with the visible self and leading to the core self Breadth and depth of info/topics What are the stages in social penetration theory? Orientation-just met them, facts about them, outer skin of onion, shallow level, surface level/demographics Exploratory exchange- areas of common ground, explore each others ideas, not very deep, uncovering bases for interaction, not immediately obvious information, not very personal Affective exchange- emotional exchanges brings you closer together, “less safe” topics Stable exchange- constantly/freely exchanging deep info back and forth, core info, deepest secrets 5. What are the stages in Knapp’s theory of the life cycle of relationships? Initiating- initial display of self
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Experimenting- small talk, audition Intensifying- self disclosure increases, nicknames, “we” pronouns Integrating- cultivate opinions as a couple, others see you as a couple, romance, common property, a “unit” Bonding- public ritual, formal binding, societal and institutional support (marriage) Differentiation- talk about differences more, more me/you than we/us Circumscribing- less info exchange, topics controlled, superficial communication, less reciprocity, go around topics Stagnation- almost no communication unless you have to, marking time (moving but not doing anything), waiting for something to happen
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course COMM 100 taught by Professor Farrar during the Spring '08 term at UConn.

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study guide for second exam - 1. What are the factors that...

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