- when parents are caught trying to meet the needs of an older parent and children at
the same time.
- the idea that you keep trying to meet the needs of your own aging but at the same time
providing care for an older parent, especially those caring for the oldest- old 85+, results in stress and an
- Neugarten’s idea that personal expectations about how life will unfold and when life will
unfold, the timetable for when individuals are expected to accomplish life’s tasks like getting married,
having kids, etc…
- big part of introspection, your recollection of long term memories, bridge between the past
80% to 90% of those needing care get it from their families
For stepparents- obligations are usually greater for a parent than a stepparent, depends on the
context- based on how long you have known the stepparent and also the sex of the stepparent.
- Tasks that care givers do:
- Household management- cooking, laundry
- Transportation- driving back and forth, errands
- Grooming- dressing, bathing
- Health Care- meds, help change dressings
- Help w/ movement- help w/ walking, getting around, sitting, raising
- Financial Management- write checks, help manage money
- Social and Emotional Support- taking elderly parent to visit, helping them maintain ties w/ others
- Mental Health support- helps w/ decision making, memory, protection
- Most stressful tasks for caregivers:
- Socio- emotional support and mental health- time consuming
- Household Management- extra person in house changes the environment, lack of privacy, loss of space
- Health care and Grooming- physically and financially stressful
- 3 Issues w/ Care giving Literature:
- Relational Context is important- early studies did not look at actual relationship between parent and
adult child; variations are being ignored across the sexes
- Dyadic Approach should be taken- early studies look at how the caregiver was affecting the person
being cared for, person who is giving the care feels like they are doing something for them.
- Focus on Stress, What about benefits?- focusing on stress is not a good way to look at it but must look
at benefits also, benefits were left out
*90% of care givers reported they valued the positive aspects of care giving*
- According to Erickson, growing is a process
achieving ego identity
- 2 aspects of ego identity:
- Inner self, inner focused, recognition of self- ego identity
- Outer focused- recognition and identifying w/ ideals and patterns of other cultures.
-The crisis in late adulthood is:
Integrity/ ego identity vs. Despair
- How this crisis is resolved is built upon how you handled crises in the earlier stages.
- The central process of resolving this stage/ crisis is: