HDFS Final Studyguide part one

HDFS Final Studyguide part one - HDFS 190 Study Guide for...

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HDFS 190 Study Guide for Final Exam Lecture Notes: Chapter 13 Self /Emotional Development: Identity vs identitiy Confusion Identity is future aspirations merging w/ past identifications to build a foundation for sense of self. Identity has a content component:: Public Self includes many roles one plays and the expectations of others Private Self is sense of self; one’s uniqueness; & unity; subjective experience of being self reflective; 4 elements of private self are: Sense of agency Sense of unity Sense of otherness Sense of decentering Identity has an evaluation component: The significance one places on various aspects of the identity content. Assessment that influences use of resources, the idrection of certain decisions and the perceptions of exoeriences Both content and evaluation components of identity may change over the lifespan Marcia’s Identity Statuses Identity Status Crisis Commitment Foreclosure Absent Present Identity Diffusion Present or Absent Absent Moratorium (stuck, overwhelmed) In Crisis Present (vaguely) Identity Achievement Present Present Crisis is a period of role experimentations and active decisioin making among alternative choices and considering alternatives. Commitment is demonstrating personal involvement in areas of choices like occupations, religion, etc.; an adherence to a path of action Identity Confusion is at the negative pole of the crisis in which a person is unable to integrate various roles or make commitments. Aanxiety is felt, dominates sense of well being. Central Process is Resolving Crisis-Role Experimentation Psychosocial Moratorium- period of free exploration before a final identity is achieved Influential factors: Family factors-might limit exploration; different tolerance. Individual’s traits & autonomy are influenced by family factors. Gender identity-what is appropriate Boundary Tasks must be widened to allow for exploration Chapter 13 Text Notes (pg 422-433)
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Self Esteem- overall way we evaluate ourselvesand self esteem is also referred to as self image and self worth Both boys & girls had considerably high self esteem in childhood but it dropped considerably during adolescence, more in girls. Girls lowering of self esteem can be attributed to girls negative body image during pubertal change Boys tend to have higher self images than girls High adolescence self esteem was related to strong familial relationships Identity is a self portrait omposed of many pieces Ethnic Identity is an enduring aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group along w/ the attitudes and feelings related to that membership Many aspects of sociocultural contexts may influence ethnic identity Individuality consists of 2 dimensions: self assertion (ability to have and communicate a point of view) and separatness (the use of communication patterns to express how one is different from others Connectedness also consists of 2 dimensions: mutuality which involves sensitivity to and respects others’ views, and
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HDFS Final Studyguide part one - HDFS 190 Study Guide for...

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