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history 311 notes (Autosaved)

history 311 notes (Autosaved) - History 311 Reconstruction...

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Jan 24, 2008 History 311 Reconstruction 1863- 77 (Progressive Narrative) I. Introduction 11 states succeeded from the union, problems left from the war II. Effect of the war in the south a. Physically The economy goes down (cotton crops down), money is worthless, freed slaves is a loss for the wealthy in the south b. Legally and constitutionally How to annex the 11 states? Nothing to provide guidance as to how the union should be restored c. Emotionally South is condemned in the north combine with the humiliation of defeat, resonates the wealthy of the south. Resentful to the fed gov. Mississippi doesn’t celebrate the 4ht of July until WW2, along with other southern states because it was a sham. III. Restoration or Reconstruction?- an evolving process Radical reconstruction a. Presidential Plan (Lincoln) soft policy Soft on the south- Southerners will have a full pardon, having rights and property restored, if they abide by the laws according to the Proclamation of Amnesty and reconstruction (1863) 10% plan - whites is the south will be voting (black people and/or former slaves not mentioned) Congressional opposition - Wade -Davis bill : 50% will be required to vote, guarantee- legal rights for former slaves (Lincoln pockets the veto) a step in the direction of trying to achieve rights for blacks b. Radical Republicans – mad at Lincoln because people would get their property and money back. (e.g. Thaddeus, Stevens, Charles Sumner) believes the nation gov must play a role to ensure the same freedoms the whites enjoy. Wanted to create the birth of the
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new south, resembling the north, Believed that a strong federal government was necessary to rebuild the south. Contest johnson Andrew Johnson- white supremist president after Lincoln was going to continue the restoration, blamed, his resistance c. Congressional Action 1. Civil rights bill 1866- full citizenship to African Americans 1 st time overturns the Dredd Scott decision. (blacks aren’t citizens of the country) 2. Expansion of the Freedmen’s bureau- helps reestablish the newly freed slaves. Building more schools in the south, establishment of courts in the south. (Johnson vetoes both bills.) Congress over rides the veto. 3. 14 th amendment- national citizenship to former slaves. Born in country= citizenship due process. Included a push for black voting rights. If the southern states withhold the vote for black people then the representation would be lowered in the south. Win/win for republicans. 4. Military in the south- radical reconstruction. South divided into 5 military districts, implements political reform. Voter registration program, to ensure the black people can be protected. Legal/ political equality extended to black people, under fed government. Voters elect delegates. After all of this the states are restored to the union. Land redistribution not part of this policy. Black people will not be able to be self sufficient farmers. Johnson wants to obstruct the new policies. Federal government and congress are outraged and they try to impeach Johnson, stays in with one vote.
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