romanesque essay

romanesque essay - Priory Church of Paray-le-Monial in...

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3/16/08 Romanesque and Gothic Architecture in Religious Buildings The art of the western world has made a big impact on other art and architecture throughout time. Modern churches, cathedrals, and mosques are still similar to those built in Europe centuries ago. Although elements of Romanesque architecture carried over into the 12 th century, Gothic architecture had a style all on its own. Romanesque architecture had a simple but dark style. The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Spain is the first example of Romanesque Art in the film. Its interior is formed with rounded arches, thick walls, and small windows. There are many scenes from the bible sculpted into the walls. In Christianity in those days, many of the followers were illiterate, so images were central to the artwork. The temptation of Christ and Judgment Day are scenes commonly depicted on tympanums and walls of cathedrals. At the Autun Cathedral in France, Gislebertus, a “sculptor of genius”, is believed to have sculpted a very original portrayal of the Last Judgment. Another popular Romanesque church is the
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Unformatted text preview: Priory Church of Paray-le-Monial in France, where the relics of Mary Magdalene were originally held. Overall the Romanesque buildings were solid and thick, but they began to evolve into something new. Durham Cathedral in England has traits of mostly Gothic architecture. It is a “colossal building”, made possible by the flying buttresses. It also incorporates the pointed arch and the ribbed vaults. Gothic churches were built taller and skinnier, and sometimes even collapsed. Chartres Cathedral in France is a classic example of the new Gothic style. The stained-glass windows were made of more glass than any other cathedral around, a trait of the Gothic era. With this architecture, people began to compete for height and extravagance of the churches, as was the case for Beauvais Cathedral in France. Overall, the Gothic style was elaborate and filled with light, and lasted until the 16 th century....
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