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Unformatted text preview: Political Science Class Notes Definitions • Meocons • Government Options (theadvocates.org) o Libertarianism o Liberal o Centrist o Conservative o Statist (authoritarian) Extra-Credit - Introduction • What you should expect from government (ancient) o Anarchy , outside our tribe Same side of river - One tribe would kill off the leadership and conquer another tribe. With their new land and people they would then again continue to conquer the other smaller surrounding tribes. o Tyranny Government would come in and conquer yur people and basically exploit • The Anglo-American ‘march up’ from tyranny o Magna Carta – 1215 o English Bill of Rights o Declaration of Independence o US Constitution o UN Declaration of Human Rights o These are all documents but they are just words on paper and they do not immediately bring change, but theses are a movement toward what we want • Other patterns o Continental (urban trade unions) The development of large cities and labor unions. The emergence of democracy on the planet Democracy; Procedure and Results • Democratic Procedures (in any large organization; city, county, state, federal, church, non-profit entity) • Democracy is just a procedure and can be applied to almost any group. It is just a procedure. It doesn’t work in a society where you have got loyalty to tribal groups and not the nation o Frequent ‘real’ elections – not fake elections, they really decide who calls the shots o Two or more parties (groups) compete – there must be choice o Votes are counted correctly o The winning group (coalition) controls the government o The losers look toward a future election • Lots of Organizations don’t practice democracy and they still work o The Catholic Church o The Founding Fathers and the Constitution o The Supreme Court – not elected by anybody and they sit for life o The Senators – chosen by the state legislatures o The President – our selection process is undemocratic because of the electoral college • What to expect from a ‘democratic government’ o Nothing the government does is ‘free’ Someone always pays o What men and women seek o The limits of good government Law and Morality in a democracy • The purpose of Law o Maintain an orderly society o Impose the will of the tyrant/ majority • The law should ban o Offenses against others o Offenses against administration And… o Protect the weak (paternalistic legislation) o Impose the morality of the majority??? British History • 1625-1649 – Charles I • 1649-1660 Cromwell “the commonwealth” – no king • 1660 – 1685 – “the restoration,” Charles II, James II (Roman Catholic) • 1685-1714 – “the glorious revolution” William of Orange (protestant king) and William III’ • many years later – Mayflower Compact English Bill of Rights • The parliament passed the English Bill of Rights • William of Orange and Mary were crowned Royalty but only after they agreed to abide by the English Bill of Rights •...
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- Spring '08
- Government, President of the United States, United States Congress, Congress Investigates President, President o President