Adjustments to New Society

Adjustments to New Society - Adjustments to New Society I...

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Adjustments to New Society I. Labor a. American Federation of Labor (AF of L) i. Open only to skilled workers ii. Want better labor conditions iii. All white males iv. Sees striking at its best weapon 1. It’s hard to replace skilled workers v. Very effective at getting what it wants vi. 1905- up to 2 million members vii. Largest union in US history at that time viii. Not looking for a new system wanted adjustment to current system b. Continued dissent i. Unskilled workers still looking for alternatives 1. Not very effective 2. Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) a. Much like the Knights of Labor b. Advocates violence and sabotage c. Doesn’t attract many members d. At peak in 1910 around 50,000 members ii. Socialist Party emerge 1. Fairly significant for a 3 rd party 2. Popular in rural America 3. Pulls in around 1 million votes in 1912 election
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II. Culture a. Commercial amusements i. Workers looking to escape the daily world for a little while ii. Mainly the working class iii. Baseball becomes very popular 1. Escape the dirty city 2. Drink beer, eat hotdogs, just relax 3. You can forget about time, major appeal to working class 4. You can yell at the authority figures (umpires) 5. Baseball players emerged from the working class iv. Rise of Cinema 1. Projection a. Working class b. Black/White, no sound c. Most theatres were spare rooms in the back of warehouses d. Entertaining and cheap escape e. Popular with newly arrived immigrants i. Teaches them American culture v. Rise of the Amusement Park 1. Idea came from the 1893 World’s Fair a. Chicago, Illinois b. Suppose to convey the future c. Show off American greatness d. People flocked to the Midway i. Carnival like atmosphere
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ii. Ferris wheel iii. Balloon rides 2. First Venue—Coney Island, New York i.
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