Problems, Tensions, and Responses to Changes

Problems, Tensions, and Responses to Changes - Problems,...

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I. Characteristics of emerging society     a. More ethnically diverse b. Religiously more diverse c. Much more urban, less rural areas d. Giant corporations dominate the economy e. Monopolies  f. Workforce feels more dependant g. More choices/freedom/goods and services available h. Can exist anonymously in big city i. More work choices II. Problems and tensions generated     a. 3 Main fears i. Fear of loss of independence 1. Things are controlled by strange people from far away ii. Fear of loss of confidence 1. Economic uncertainty on the rise 2. Fear of immigrants iii. Fear of disorder 1. Strikes and unions  2. Inner cities seem dangerous and dirty places
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3. Political systems are controlled by political machines b. There are no regulations on monopolies c. There are no regulations on factories (workforce) d. There are no child labor laws e. Poverty even if working f. Factories believe in Social Darwinism i. “it’s your own fault” III. First Responses     a. Writers and journalist i. To know the mindset of the country look at the list of the best-seller  list in non-fiction books ii. 2 Books 1. Progress in Poverty” by Henry George a. Economics b. Land is the basis for all wealth in America c. Argues that it’s the root of the problems, land speculators d. Calls for a tax on the sale of land 2. “Looking Backward” by Edward Bellamy a. Unless American society changes it will collapse  b. Utopian Novel, about a man in Boston who “sleeps for a 113  years” (similar to Rip Van Winkle) Boston is a park like city  when he wakes up.
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c. Calls for Socialism = Equality b. Religious i. Concerned about the rise of “immoral” behavior in the cities ii. Urban Revivals swept the country  iii. Tried to convert people iv. Put down on the brothels and saloons  v. Tried to instill morality  vi. Famous Evangelists
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Problems, Tensions, and Responses to Changes - Problems,...

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