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MUSC220 notes - MUSC220 Bali Colin McPhee Week 3 Colin...

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MUSC220 09/12/2016 ° Bali & Colin McPhee- Week 3 ° Colin McPhee 1900-1964 Composer, pianist, researcher Published A House in Bali (1947) and Music in Bali (1964) ° Gamelan- traditional ensemble of percussion instruments found in Indonesia (Bali and Java) ° “Gamelan” ensemble gongs gong chimes metallophones drums aerohphones (winds) chordophones (strings) ° McPhee was looking for a typical Indonesian village that differed greatly from western cities Field site- The physical location where you go to conduct “fieldwork”, or research on the culture of another group ° What did McPhee do there? Founded a club Talked with musicians Made short films Made transcriptions at his piano to translate it into western music ° WHEN LISTENING FOR A LISTENING QUIZ
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Melody or tune Regular pulse Contrasting sections ° Stratified Polyphony Colotomic Meter (gongs; underlying ‘skeleton’ Pokok (gong-chimes & metallophones; melody or tune)(reapeating melody) Kotekan (metallophones; embellishment) can add the texture ° Musical Values Dense, thick texture Interlocking parts ° Texture-the overall sound resulting from the ineraction of different instrumental or vocal layer/parts ° Not super clear- where bali is ° Bali & Colin McPhee Day 2 ° “Jaya Semara” (1964) by I Wayan Beratha ° Gamalaean music serves a ceremonial purpose as well as a research purpose (Mcphee got them to play for him) ° What did McPhee leave out of his account? ° He ignored the political and economic influence on Bali’s music ° The Dutch colonized Bali and transformed Balinese culture ° Transformations, 1906-1908 From feudalism to colonialism Annihilation of major souce of patronate
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Led to return of ceremonial life ° Old vs. New Styles Harnish proposes that you can hear differences that can be related to changes in Bali institution and culture ° New style (post 1908 the dutch) called Gong Kebyar More explosive and jagged No longer performed for palaces Performed in clubs or societies and on concert stage Now have conservatories which are created for muscians to use and practice violence and jaggedness found in this new style of music might be tied back to the violence of the Dutch colonisation ° Old style-“Sinom Ladrang” Thinner texture Slower than walking tempo Stately-more granduous and proper and serious Performed as a patronage for palaces ° ° South Africa/Isicathamiya 9/19 ° Mbube- “Solomon Linda’s Original Evening Arts 78- a thick early record o made of shellac ° Around 1929, western countries began exporting millions of discs that were able to hold music Creation of jobs and companies that make discs
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Much less exporting in the 30’s due to the global depression ° Eric Gallo: Young British entrepreneur in Johannesburg Gallo Records o 1926: Distributor for Brunswick Records (US) o 1932: Recording studio for domestic content New markets for LOCAL (South African local musicians) recordings
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