collective - H. of Holocaust Midterm Review March 31, 2008...

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H. of Holocaust Midterm Review 30/04/2008 03:11:00 March 31, 2008 Terms to Know Categorical impugning Distasteful/destructive Different/dangerous Antisemitism Faith/church  Religion/beliefs Separation—conversion  Reason/enlightenment Culture/tradition Emancipation—absorption Science  Race/blood (genos) Quarantine—elimination  Why the Jews?: Antisemitism **How was this possible?** How did an industrialized, intelligent country become involved in this situation,  very nearly succeeding in their objective:
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Nazi regime killed 2/3 of the Jews in Europe alive in 1943 Count only the Jews who lived, in 1939, on the territory that the Nazis  occupied, percentage rises to 3/4 - Murder was episodic, relatively infrequent Hitler came to power in 1933, government did not begin exterminating Jews  until 1941 4.5 million people killed in the 18 months after Why was this not headed off before it began? Why was it not stopped once it started? - Two guys standing in front of a bar… Old story o “The world is going to hell in a handbag, and its all the fault of the  Jews” o “The Jews and the bicyclists” o “Why the bicyclists?” o “Why the Jews?” Demonstrates the arbitrariness of antisemitism “The Jews are our misfortune” o German phrase o Remove the Jews and you remove misfortune - Ideology Hitler never won with a majority vote o Indication that antisemitism wasn’t largely enthusiastic o Still appealed to a lot of people Antisemitism – invented by a German propagandist, modern term o “Isms” were popular – scientific sounding, knowledgeable
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o Founded the “antisemites league” as the driving ideology o Semitic languages: ancient languages of the middle east o Did not necessarily mean hostility to Arabs, just Jews - Before there was a term – still hostility towards Jews What is wrong with them? o According to Romans – stubborn About religious, social, practical beliefs Only one god Circumcision Refused to intermarry People that refused to acknowledge many gods, including  emperors – stubborn Sense that the Jews were different – but that’s all o Special intensity of hostility towards Jews Rise of Christianity (off-shoot of Judaism) Also monotheistic, religion of the book – come into being  through revelation Covenant with god – people of Israel were to be the  “chosen people,” a “light unto the nations” Fundamental break with Judaism Christians believed Jesus was the savior Membership into the “chosen people” is defined by the 
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collective - H. of Holocaust Midterm Review March 31, 2008...

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