Study Guide for the Second Test

Study Guide for the Second Test - Study Guide for the...

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Study Guide for the Second Test 1 Morality and Human Sexualit y (Vincent C. Punzo) 1. Main argument 1) Unlike playing tennis, a sexual intercourse is the most complete and intimate merging of one’s self with another. 2) Sexual intercourse is a way of asserting and confirming the fullness and totality of a mutual commitment. 3) Chastity and moral marriage affirms the commitment and guarantee existential integrity in one’s bodily and historical existence. 2. Moral marriage : His argument was not directed against “preceremonial” intercourse, but against premarital intercourse. 3. Problems 1) He didn’t think about the polygamy. 2) Why doesn’t moral marriage include the case of homosexual people’s marriage? 3) The false dilemma: Punzo insists that we have only two choices: moral marriage or chastity. But there are other alternative choices. (ex, the old people) Sexual Morality and the Concept of Using Another Person (Thomas A. Mappes) 1. “Using anther person” : 1) Kant’s humanity principle: it is morally wrong for A to use B merely as a means, that is, in a way incompatible with respect for B as a person 2) A immorally uses B if only if A intentionally acts in a way that violates the requirement that B’s involvement with A’s ends be based on B’s voluntary informed consent. 3) the two ways to undermines the informed character of voluntary consent 2. Deception vs. Coerciton 1) Deception: Refer to the examples in the textbook (p.172-p.174) 1 This is not answer but a guide for the test. This doesn’t cover everything for the test. So to prepare perfectly for the test, you should read the text book and refer to your lecture notes.
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2) Coercion a.. Occurrent coercion: the use of physical force b.. Dispositional coercion: the threat of harm : case 1. case 2 (text book p.175) case 5 (p.177) 3. Sexual offer vs. Threat (coercion) 1) Threat: an undesirable consequence 2) Offer: a desirable consequence : case 3, case 4, case 6, case 7 (p.175) 4. Coercive offer : case 8 (p.181) - taking advantage of someone’s desperate situation. 5. Conclusion - Deception and Coercion and Coercive offer is morally wrong since they undermine voluntary consent. Offers, however, is morally O.K. 6. Problems 1) Regarding Kant: Kant’s humanity principle emphasizes not only on the importance of respecting other people but also the importance of respecting myself. Promiscuity, prostitution and sexual offering can humiliate the dignity of myself. 2) Regarding offers: sexual intercourse is mutual interact. By giving some benefit and stuff to get a sexual intercourse is to buy love and make another person alienated. . 3) Regarding use-counter example: it is not necessarily morally wrong
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course PHL 304 taught by Professor Leon during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Study Guide for the Second Test - Study Guide for the...

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