studyguide4(freedom) - The Study Guide (Pornography, Hate...

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The Study Guide (Pornography, Hate Speech, and Censorship) On Liberty (J. S Mill) 1. Main Claim - Mill argues for nearly completely freedom of expression, using the utilitarian principle. The only legitimate restriction on speech is when it is used to incite violence – harm to others principle only. The legal immorality and paternalism principles are not the legitimate restriction. [To understand liberty-limiting principles, please refer to the text book (p. 219 - p.220)] - Human liberty comprises first the inward domain of consciousness, second liberty of tastes and pursuits, thirdly, freedom to unite. 2. Why not paternalism principle? Mankind are greater gainers by suffering each other to live as seems good to themselves, than by compelling each to live as seems good to the rest. 3. Why not legal immorality? Why is freedom of the express necessary? - If any opinion is compelled to silence, that opinion may be true. To deny this is to assume our own infallibility - Since the general or prevailing opinion on any subject is rarely or never the whole truth, it is only by the collision of adverse opinions that the reminder of the truth has any chance of being supplied. - Even if the received opinion is the whole truth; unless it is vigorously contested, it will be held in the manner of a prejudice, with little comprehension of its rational grounds. The Question of Harm (The Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography) 1. The Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography distinguishes among 1)violent pornography 2) non-violent but degrading pornography, and 3) nonviolent and nondegrading pornography. 2. The conclusion: violent pornography and non-violent but degrading pornography bears a causal relation to undesirable attitudinal changes and to acts of sexual violence. But the third category pornography does not. Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom: A Closer Look (Helen E. Longino) 1. Her Main Claim - the definition of pornography is “material that explicitly represents or describes degrading and abusive sexual behavior so as to endorse and/ or recommend the behavior as described .” - Thus, pornography is different from erotica. - Thus, pornography is immoral not because of sexually explicit scenes, but because of its degrading and dehumanizing women. - Thus pornography is harmful to women - Therefore, pornography is justifiably subject to control. 2. Pornography is injurious to women - Pornography is implicated in the committing of crimes of violence against women - Pornography is the vehicle for the dissemination of a deep and vicious lie
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about women. It is defamatory and libelous - The diffusion of such a distorted view of women’s nature in our society as
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course PHL 304 taught by Professor Leon during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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studyguide4(freedom) - The Study Guide (Pornography, Hate...

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