political science outlines

political science outlines - Chris Manzo Outlines Midterm...

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1Chris Manzo Outlines Midterm 2/29/08 Chapter 1 I. The Master Science 1. Discipline is a field of study represented as an academic department or major. 2. Politics is the study of who gets what. II. Political Power 1. The ability of one person to get another to do something. B. Biological 1. Aristotle said “Man is by nature a political animal.” 2. Forming a political system and the obeying of its leaders is natural human behavior. 3. Legitimacy is feeling that the governments rule is rightful and should be obeyed. 4. Sovereignty is a nations government ruling its land with the highest level of law. 5. Authority is the ability to respect leaders and exercise power. 6. Humans naturally create groups for survival and the groups order them selves by rank. C. Psychological 1. Human beings naturally desire conformity and being part of a group. 2. Obeying authority is a natural human response. D. Cultural 1. Culture is a human behavior that is learned and not inherited. 2. Cultural theories are applied to politics. E. Rational 1. People know what they want most of the time and always have a good reason for doing what they do. 2. Citizens can discern right from wrong and can make decisions for themselves. F. Irrational 1. Citizens are emotionally fooled by stereotypes and have no rational understanding of government or society. III. Is Politics a Science? 1. Science is now understood as precise facts but originally meant knowledge. 2. Political science is empirical, based on evidence, with both quantitative and qualitative data. A. Reasoned 1. Basic assumptions influence what you study and how you study it. 2. Beware of forming a study so that the answers support a certain view. B. Balanced 1. Bias can be minimized by look at the topic in other ways and comparing studies others have done.
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C. Evidence 1. All scholarly studies require evidence, common knowledge does not have to be supported. Chapter 2 I. Classical Theories 1. A theory is a source of good and stable political system. 2. Descriptive and normative tells how thins are and how things should be. 3. A realist is someone who works with the world as it is and not as we want it to be. A. The Contractualists 1. A social contract is the theory that people will join and stay in a civil society as if they had a contract. 2. Contractualists show the relationship between government and its population. 3. Three major contractualists are Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean- Jacques Rousseau 4. Hobbes believed the state of nature of humanity is “War of all against all.” A. Lives of men are solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. B. Civil society is created of fear and anarchy. C. The individual surrenders their rights for government.
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Drakulach during the Spring '08 term at Passaic County Community College.

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political science outlines - Chris Manzo Outlines Midterm...

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