ch 6 - Chapter 6 I Political Ideologies 1 Ideology a belief...

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Chapter 6 I. Political Ideologies 1. Ideology a belief that a society can be improved by following certain doctrines. 2. Pragmatic is the attitude of using whatever works without theory or ideology. A. What is Ideology? 1. Ideologues someone who truly believes in an ideology. 2. Ideologies never work precisely the way they are claimed to. II. The Major Ideologies A. Classical Liberalism 1. Liberalism is found by Adam Smith to keep gov’t out of economy; became conservatism in the U.S. 2. Believe in a laissez faire market and government. 3. Government allows market to regulate and oversee itself. B. Classical Conservatism 1. Conservatism is the ideology of keeping a system mainly unchanged. 2. Started by Edmund Burke in the 1770s. 3. To contain illogical human passions. 4. Society has created institutions and traditions that help keep order giving people moral and ethical guidelines. 5. Institutions should be preserved and conserved. C. Modern Liberalism 1. Created by T.H. Green in 1880’s 2. Government should intervene in the market when economic interplay is between unequal rights. 3. Correct social and economic ills. 4. Gove protecting rights, not infringing on them. D. Modern Conservatism 1. By Milton Friedman in the 1970’s. 2. Combines laissez faire economics with governmental protections of moral and religious institutions. E. Marxist Socialism 1. Overthrowing capitalism will lead to socialism. 2. A society without class distinction. F. Social Democracy 1. Social democracy is the mildest form of socialism, stressing welfare measures but not state ownership of industry. 2. Revisionist is changing an ideology or view of history. 3. Workers rights could be advanced without a Marxian revolution and destruction of capitalism. 4. Government reforms could protect workers rights enough to create a form of socialism. 5. Abandon state ownership of industry but embrace a welfare state that provides workers with benefits. G. Communism 1. Communism is a Marxist theory merged with Leninist organization into a totalitarian party.
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2. Imperialism is the amassing of colonial empires. Mostly by European powers; pejorative in Marxist terms. 3. Maoism is an extreme form of communism, featuring guerrilla warfare and periodic upheavals. 4. Titoism is a mild, decentralized form of communism. H. Nationalism 1. The exaggerated belief in the greatness and unity of ones country. 2. Born out of occupations and repression of foreigners. 3. Regional nationalism aims at breaking up existing nations into what its proponents argue are the true nations. I. Fascism 1. An extreme form of nationalism with elements of socialism and militarism. 2. Combines socialism with paramilitary organization of the government. III. Ideology in Our Day
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ch 6 - Chapter 6 I Political Ideologies 1 Ideology a belief...

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