Western Absolutism Terms - Karlee Pettus 7th Hour Western...

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Karlee Pettus7th HourWestern Absolutism TermsTable of ContentsAbsolutism2Absolutism, sovereigntyThomas Hobbes, Jean Bodin, Bishop Bossuet“Divine right of kings”Development of French Absolutism6Three EstatesHenry IV, nobility of the robeDuke of Sully, mercantilismLouis XIIICardinal Richelieu, Intendant SystemLouis XIV14Fronde // Cardinal MazarinCorvéeVersailles PalaceEdict of FontainebleauJean Baptiste ColbertWars of Louis XIV22Dutch WarNine Years’ War, League of AugsburgWar of Spanish SuccessionTreaty of Utrecht -- 171317thCentury Spanish Empire28Philip III // Philip IVBaroque Art, Architecture, and Music30J.S. Bach // George Frideric HandelLouis XIV Chart32?Absolutism?I.AbsolutismAbsolutism is the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical,ethical, or theological matters.Developed across Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries from traditional assumptions of power.Absolutism goes along with the “divine right of kings” and natural law, meaning the monarch is responsible to God only.1
Louis XIV of France was the quintessential absolutist monarch during the 17th century.S C A RSubject:PoliticalMonarchsUnder absolutist policies, the monarch had absolute control and answered to no one besides God.“Divine Right of Kings”The divine right of kings is the idea that the monarch is responsible only toGod and no one else.Louis XIVLouis XIV of France is the quintessential absolute monarch.Causes:Traditional PowerTraditional assumptions of power under throne heirs developed the idea of absolutism.Louis XIVLouis XIV is the first monarch we see that successfully followed through with an absolutist rule, making him the quintessential absolute monarch.Actions:Who:The quintessential example of absolutism was Louis XIV of France.What:Absolutism is the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters.When:16th and 17th centuries.How:Absolutism originated from traditional assumptions of power and heirs to the throne.Results:SovereigntyUnder absolutism, the state had the authority to govern itself and the monarch held absolute sovereignty.Philosophy of AbsolutismAbsolutism also came with philosophers that either agreed or disagreed with the idea of absolutism.BureaucraciesBureaucracies were created and they were only accountable to the king. This started due to absolutist rules.II.Sovereignty2
Sovereignty is the authority of a state to govern itself or another state.

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