Sped 203 final notes - Chapter 4 Special Education Cultural encapsulation meaning a lack of contact with cultures outside our own that promotes

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Chapter 4 Special Education Cultural encapsulation – meaning a lack of contact with cultures outside our own that promotes insensitivity to cultural differences. Why diversity consciousness is important o 1. it enhances your diversity skills o 2. It expands your horizons and empowers you. o 3. It promotes personal growth and strengthens your social network. Socialization – the lifelong process of social interaction that enables us to learn about ourselves and others. Encapsulation at college o 1. Research shows that throwing diverse students together in the same setting is no guarantee that they will interact or get to know each other. o 2. The campus climate is “Chilly” for some students. Campus Climate - refers to the level of comfort that students experience in the classroom and on campus. Students may feel uncomfortable for any number of reasons, including gender. o 3. Opportunities to learn about diversity and students’ inclinations to take advantage of these opportunities, vary greatly. 6 areas of development 1. Examining ourselves and our worlds o Nature – refers to our biological makeup o Nurture – refers to those aspects of the environment that mold and shape us, such as schools families, and peer groups. o Difficulty I. The emphasis of individualism in U.S. society makes it difficult to see social influences. II. Our culture environment is so close to us that sometimes we do not see it. o Enculturation – immersion in a culture to the point where that way of lie appears only natural. III. Some people rarely experience Social Marginality , meaning exclusion that results from being seen as an outsider. 2. Expanding our knowledge of others and their worlds Differences I. Do not simply sample differences from a distance. II. Seek to understand how the histories, perspectives and contributions of different cultures are interconnected. III. Try to decrease the social distance between you and those about whom you know little if anything Social Distance – a concept that was coined by a scientist named Emory Bogardus; it refers to the degree to which we are willing to interact and develop relationships with certain racial and ethnic groups
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IV. Focus on ordinary people and occurrences. 3. Stepping outside of ourselves I. Double Consciousness – refers to a person’s awareness of his or her own perspective and the perspective of others. 4. Gauging the level of the playing field I. Social inequality – refers to the unequal distribution of resources such as wealth, power and prestige. II. Social class - is a category of people who share similar amounts III. Ageism – ideology that asserts superiority on the basis of age. IV.
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course SPED 203 taught by Professor Ciocci during the Spring '08 term at Bridgewater State University.

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Sped 203 final notes - Chapter 4 Special Education Cultural encapsulation meaning a lack of contact with cultures outside our own that promotes

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