Annie Yan VM 100 STUDY SHEET FOR EXAM I (Fall 2016) All the questions on the first exam will be related to the following terms, names, films, etc. The exam will cover the reading and lectures from the first four weeks of class as indicated on the syllabus (through the week on silent film comedy). Do not just study the “facts” about the terms below. Focus on understanding the historical significance of the terms, people, films, etc. listed below. Historiography The principles, theories, methodology of scholarly historical research and presentation. History is merely an interpretation of events; there is no such thing as an “objective” history There is no ideal practice to recording history Empiricist history “Just the facts” All knowledge is derived from sense experience The “Great Man theory of history" This was what empiricist history was One man acts as a catalyst for significant historical events, inventions, wars, treaties etc. Over simplification of events Used for role models Frames per second (f.p.s.) How many pictures are taken per second Renaissance or Western perspective Visual conventions of naturalistic painting SECTION 2 Early motion picture devices (before 1895) Scientists realised that the human eye perceives motion if a series of slightly different images is placed before it rapidly (around 16 per second) 1832: Joseph Plateau and Simon Stampfer created the Phenakistoscope. 1833: The Zeotrope was invented vm100 study sheet 1, p. 1
Annie Yan contained a series of drawings on a narrow strip of paper inside a revolving drum “magic lanterns” were used to project glass lantern slides but there was still no way to flash large numbers of images fast enough to create the illusion of motion First still photograph taken by Claude Niepce but required exposure time of 8 hours Photographs were made on glass or metal, without use of negatives 1839: Henry Fox Talbot introduced negative made on paper. It was also possible to print photographic images on glass lanternslides and project them. 1878: Split second exposure time became possible 1888: George Eastman devised a still camera that made photographs on rolls of sensitised paper called the Kodak. 1889: Eastman creates the celluloid roll film Inventors could use the flexible material when designing machines to take and project motion pictures Eadward Muybridge Found a way of photographing running horses to help study their gaits. Set up a row of 12 cameras, each making an exposure in 1/1000. The photos recorded one-half-second intervals of movement. Made a lantern to project moving images of horses, but these were drawings copied from his photographs onto a revolving disc.
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- Spring '08
- Annie Yan