Study Guide 2.ReOrganised - GERMANEXPRESSIONISM( German Expressionism(1920s-Nazism An alternative to

Study Guide 2.ReOrganised - GERMANEXPRESSIONISM( German...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 22 pages.

EUROPEAN FILM MOVEMENTS POST WORLD WAR I GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM (refers to a number of related creative movements beginning in before the First World War that reached a peak in Berlin during the 1920s) FEATURES OF GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM German Expressionism (1920s-Nazism) An alternative to the Classic Hollywood narrative Connected to expressionism as it rejects conventions of naturalism and realism Figurative/surreal expression Abstract and does not portray “real” truth Extreme distortion to express inner emotion Frames stories embedded within longer narrative structures Competitive with French and American films until the war Low-key lighting (chiaroscuro) and other visual conventions of German Expressionism Low-key lighting (chiaroscuro) a. Uses shadows three point lighting b. Interplay of light and shadow Camera Angles (vs. eye-level camera) Moving Camera (vs. stationary camera) Represents narrative thematics to support notions of loss of individual will and chaotic social world Narrative thematics of German Expressionism Loss of individual will anti hero (vs. Hollywood’s Heroic subject) Characters with internal conflicts a. Criticised for no happy endings b. What is the right/correct action? Focused on pathological and/or unnatural (vs. naturalism and Hollywood style) German Expressionist techniques to represent subjectivity Mise en scene Exaggeration distortion and repetition Slower pace False perspective VM 100 study sheet for exam 2, p. 1
Image of page 1
Unnatural narrative (vampire in Nosferatu) Mise-en-scene All the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed/filmed: o Setting and props, lighting, costumes and makeup, and figure behaviour. Emphasis on the composition of individual shots (overall design rather than specific elements) Non-linear narrative (framing device) Illustrated in “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” A style to create exotic and fantastic settings that were remote from contemporary reality Represents subjectivity Story within a story (e.g let me tell you about when…) Creates the expressionist notion of distress with moving image Images of space as they connect overtime Kammerspielfilm Kammerspielfilme (the plural form) formed a German film movement of the 1920s silent film period that was developed around the same time as the more commonly known Expressionist movement in cinema. “Chamber drama” film The named derives from a theatre, the Kammerspiele, opened in 1906 by the major stage director, Max Reinhardt, to stage intimate dramas for small audiences Contemporary stories, the socially disenfranchised More naturalistic Character’s will is dominated by a new (urban) order Concentrates on a few characters and explores a crisis in their lives ENTITIES AND PERSONALITIES IN THE ERA OF GERMAN EXPRESSSIONISM Deutsche Bioscope, Decla Bioscop, UFA and Studio Babelsberg
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 22 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture