Key Terms and Notes Module 1 - Key Terms and Notes Module 1...

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Key Terms and Notes Module 1 Permanent Resident: a lawful permanent resident (LPR), has been officially granted immigration benefits, which include permission to reside and take employment in the United States. Lawful Immigigrant: " Immigrant [is] any person who is residing in the United States as a legally recognized and lawfully recorded permanent resident Alien: An illegal alien who entered the United States without inspection, for example, would be strictly defined as an immigrant under the INA but is not a permanent resident alien . Lawful permanent residents are legally accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States. Naturalization: is the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) Declaration Of Intent: A declaration of intention is a document filed in a court by an alien who intends to become a U.S citizen. The declaration is a preliminary step to naturalization. The declaration is made before a court of record . Restrictionists : a policy, especially by a national government or legislative body, ofenacting rest rictions on the amount of imported goods, immigration,etc. Nativists: the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against thoseof immig rants. Supreme Court Passenger Cases 1849 Smith v. Turner; Norris v. Boston , 48 U.S. 283 (1849), [1] were two similar cases, argued together before the United States Supreme Court , in which it was adjudged (five to four) that States did not have the right to impose a tax determined by the number of passengers of a designated category on board a ship and/or disembarking into the State. They are sometimes called the Passenger Case or Passenger Cases .
The Know Nothing Movement: The Know - Nothing Party , also known as the American Party , was a prominent United States political party during the late 1840s and the early 1850s. The American Party originated in 1849. Its members strongly opposed immigrants and followers of the Catholic Church. Immigration Restriction League The Immigration Restriction League (IRL) was an anti- immigration organization founded by a group of Harvard graduates in 1894. Dillingham Commission Recommendations he United States Immigration Commission was a bipartisan special committee formed in February 1907 by the United States Congress, to study the origins and consequences of recent immigration to the United States. It was a joint committee composed of members of both the House and Senate. Palmer Raids: The Palmer Raids were a series of raids conducted by the United States Department of Justice to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists , especially anarchists , from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer . Though more than 500 foreign citizens were deported, including a number of prominent leftist leaders, Palmer's efforts were largely frustrated by officials at the U.S. Department of Labor

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