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Module 2 key terms and Notes ImmigrationPropagandaIdeas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause; A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present informationKlein Deutchlands"Little Germanies"; term used to describe German ethnic enclavesKulturkampf"Culture Struggle"; term used to describe the tensions that developed between German Catholics and Protestants after the unification of Germany in 1871. In this Protestant German Empire, Catholics were supressed.Turner SocietiesGerman based clubs formed to preserve German culture. Believed in universal education, physical fitness, musical performances, lending libraries, and political and social reform.Volga GermansEthnic Germans living along the River Volga in Western Russia; recruited as immigrants to Russia in the 18th century, they were allowed to maintain German culture, language, traditions and churches; suffered persecution in America for their German and Russian backgrounds and their poverty.Soul GermansBelieved in the superiority of German culture and wished to retain the German language and traditions and spread their culture in AmericaStomach GermansAssimilated to American life while still enjoying the German foods, music and customs that did not impede their assimilation process.MennonitesReligious sect that fled Germany to escape persecution in 1683 andsettled in Pennsylvania. Pacifists, strong work ethic, simple living, disdain for religious ritual; the Old Amish Order are Mennonites.Coffin ShipsOvercrowded ships carrying Irish to America during the 19th century. Unsanitary condition often caused half of the passengers toarrive dead.
Module 2 key terms and Notes ImmigrationSecret Order of the Star Spangled BannerAnti-Catholic society founded in 1849 and associated with the KnowNothing movementAmerican PartyPolitical organization that was created after the election of 1852 by the Know-Nothings, was organized to oppose the great wave of immigrants who entered the United States after 1846Homestead Act1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25. Enabled immigrants to acquire land in the West.An Act to Encourage Immigration1864 - Encouraged immigrants to settle in urban centers and work in industry.Anti-PoperyThe belief that Catholics were players in an international papal conspiracy to subdue the entire world under the control of the Pope.