LochnerCaseBrief - Michele Maciejewski 10/04/07...

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Michele Maciejewski 10/04/07 Constitutional Law Dr. Alex Moon Lochner v. New York 198 U.S 45, 25 S. Ct. 539, 49 L. Ed. 937 (1905) 1. Facts of the Case: Lochner, a bakery employer, allowed his employees to work more than 10 hours a day or more than 60 hours a week. This was in violation of a New York State labor law prohibiting bakery and confectionary workers from working this many hours. New York State legislators fined Lochner for his actions. He argued the ruling, stating that the law is in violation of his rights under the 14 th Amendment of the Constitution. Lochner believes that the Amendment protects his rights and his employees’ rights to liberty. The New York State courts upheld his original conviction and the case went to the Supreme Court. 2. The Questions Presented. a. Does the New York State labor law violate Lochner and his employees’ right to life, liberty, and property as stated by the 14 th Amendment? b. Is this law a valid state police power necessary to protect the health, safety, morals, and general welfare of New York State’s citizens? 3. The Holding. a. Yes. The law prevents Lochner’s employees from working enough hours and earning enough money in the bakery to provide for themselves and their families. Their individual liberty is threatened. The law also interferes with Lochner’s right as an employer to enter into contract with employees as both parties see fit. b.
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2008 for the course POLT 30300 taught by Professor Moon during the Fall '07 term at Ithaca College.

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LochnerCaseBrief - Michele Maciejewski 10/04/07...

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