Definitions: Patrio t: Group of colonists who were in favor of gaining independence from Brittain. Loyalist : Group of colonists who wanted to remain loyal to King George III and remain as English colonies Continental Army : Volunteer militia army established by the colonists to fight the Amercian Revolution Battle of Trenton-Princeton : 2 nd Battle in the revolutionary war, Washington captures 3 German regiments in december. Washington catches them by surprise. Princeton - British troops are forced to retreat. Battle of Saratoga : General Buyogone surrenders Saratoga. French decide to help us. British surrender 7,000 troops. Battle of Yorktown : In alliance with France, we force General Cornwallis to surrender 7,000 british troops. Treaty of Paris 1783 : Who:England, America, France (minor player) What they resolved: America gained it's Independence Terms: England recognizes the Americas, all debts to British are still due and payable, boundaries established (Atlantic to the Mississippi) John Jay : American politician from New York. Negotiated treaties. Chief Justice of the US, president of continental congress, ambassador to spain and france. co wrote the federalist papers John Adams : was the second president of the United States (1797–1801), (federalist), having earlier served as the first vice president of the United States. An American Founding Father, Adams was a statesman, diplomat, and a leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain; wrote prolifically about his often seminal ideas, both in published works and in letters to his wife and key adviser Abigail Adams, as well as to other Founding Fathers.. Benjamin Franklin Negotiator for the treaty of paris, suggests a committee for the great compromise. Was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States; He facilitated many civic organizations, including a fire department and a university; He became wealthy publishing Almanac and The Pennsylvania Gazette; 1st United States Postmaster General Bill of Rights (State and Federal ): is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution; these amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public; The amendments were introduced by James Madison to the 1st United States Congress as a series of legislative articles.
State: (constitutions) written by legislature then passed as law, retain sovereignty, bicameral legislative government, judicial system with the most power in the lower house; o Carry out and interpret federal laws, control commerce Federal: supreme, interpret laws, sole commanders of commerce, federal/executives are arbitors to states John Dickinson : Wrote the articles of Confederation for the Continental Congress. Dickinson opposed the Revolution, and, as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776, refused to sign the Declaration of Independence Articles of Confederation : Ratified in 1781, document was the United States' first constitution, providing a framework for national government. The articles limited central authority by denying
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