10- COLDS AND ALLERGIES

10- COLDS AND ALLERGIES - Colds and Allergies Health,...

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Colds and Allergies Colds and Allergies Health, Disease, and Pharmacology Health, Disease, and Pharmacology SPTS 146 SPTS 146
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INTRODUCTION Very common medications billions of dollars annually spent in US for cold / allergy medications Almost everyone gets a cold! 15% of population suffers from allergic rhinitis With high numbers using these medication, there is an added possibilities for problems By the nature of these medications… many have potential to effect performance (positive or negative) some are considered _____ and banned by sports governing bodies & WADA/USADA ergogenic
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COMMON COLD >200 viruses known to cause “colds” ____ and ____ are most common virus categories. rhinoviruses and coronaviruses inflammation: prostaglandins, leukotrienes, kinins… increased mucous secretions, vessel dilation… complications (symptoms lasting longer than __ days may indicate) 10 immune system suppression: ear infection – usually bacterial (especially in children) sinus infection – usually bacterial throat infection – usually streptococcal bacteria
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ALLERGIC RHINITIS Allergen hypersensitivity - allergens also called antigens Types: 3 Seasonal Rhinitis (“hay fever”): outdoor allergens - pollen from trees, plants, grasses… Perennial Rhinitis: indoor allergens – house dust mites, pet dander, cockroaches… Less common than seasonal rhinitis Complications: medications used to treat rhinitis may increase chance… heat illness: Commonly used TX = decongestants & antihistamines
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seasonal/perennial seasonal/perennial
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2008 for the course SPTS 146 taught by Professor Ludwig during the Spring '08 term at Pacific.

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10- COLDS AND ALLERGIES - Colds and Allergies Health,...

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