APUSH C1 Outline - Chapter 1 Outline Native Peoples of...

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6-23-15 Chapter 1 Outline: Native Peoples of America, to 1500 Kylie Stine The First Americans, ca. 13,000-2500 BC Indians believe ancestors from America; science shows SE Asia during last Ice Age After Ice Age, dispersed around America—all kinds of environments Small, scattered groups o Traded o Travel interactions o Learned from each other = similar lifestyle Peopling New Worlds 13,000 BC = humans in many parts of North America o Mostly water travel o Coastal or inland settle o Food: fish, birds, small mammals, plants, (sometimes) mastodon Earliest Americans: land arrival or crossing Atlantic from European site, some from NE Asia Different stories explaining existence among tribes Paleo-Indians: earliest, established Native American life o Bands: groups of several families o Men hunted, women cared for children, exchanged goods o Reciprocity: mutual bestowing of gifts and favors Archaic Societies 8,000 BC Paleo Indians modified ways Atmosphere warmed until 4,000 BC o Regions: forests, plains, etc Archaic- name for Native Americans in new environment o More food = less land & more population o Gender roles: men hunt/fish women gather/harvest o Developed tools and medicines Mesoamerica- central/southern Mexico & Central America o Highly developed agriculture Historical Change and the Emergence of Tribal Societies, ca. 2500 BC –AD 1500 2500 BC- moved on from Archaic ways o Surplus of crops = support more people in less space o Religious/political systems-link communities o Aztec and Inca became empires Mesoamerica and South America Improved crops nutritionally farming center of lives o Traded with neighbors Formal exchange = wealth & power Large centers with neighboring communities Temples & palaces, statues of gods Chiefdom: ruler domination, State: government rule
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