Intro 1850 Isaac Singer made improvements to a sewing...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Intro 1850- Isaac Singer made improvements to a sewing machine Faster & made clothing cheaper Technology- coined 1829- application of science to improving life’s conveniences Technology and Economic Growth Steam engine, cotton gin, reaper, sewing machine, telegraph Cotton gin entrenched slavery Machinery made traditional skills obselete Agricultural Advancement 1837- John Deere invented steel-tipped plow Timber available, settlements westward (IN, IL, MI, MO) spreading Wheat important in midwest 1834- Cyrus McCormick patented horse-drawn mechanical reaper Opened a factory in 1847 pro-slavery southerner but helped N win war Americans wanted “virgin soil” not to improve worn However, VA- plaster & South: guano (seabird poop) Orange County, NY: fed cows best clover & bluegrass & cleaner dairy processing Technology and Industrial Progress “American System of Manufacturing”- manufacturing interchangeable parts (machine tools applied to firearms, clocks, sewing machines) machines a substitute for manual labor made replacement of parts po ssible, mass production quick 1844- Telegraph- eliminates constraints of time and space The Railroad Boom Sparks showered passengers, no brakes, no lights, scheduling a nightmare before timezones Locomotive most powerful instrument for good the world has yet reached Track mileage increased, coaches, kerosene lamps, increasingly powerful engines 1860- US more track than rest of world combined Linked East and Midwest; Atlanta and Chattanooga commercial towns Made Chicago a city and allowed Midwest to flourish IL Central laid out towns around stations- E &W- streets named after trees, N&S- #s 1830s- depression caused lack of funding to railroads Financing shifted to NYC→ traded @ stock exchange Rising Prosperity Reduced prices ($50 clock in 1800 ,50 in 1850) Steam power- 25% rise in avg worker’s income Seasonal fluctuations in labor Children and women new opportunities for work families w/ 600+- children could stay in school Farming families- rarely ran short of food Still, economic advantages of urban living The Quality of Life Recliners, washing machines. street sweepers, fly traps,new stoves Middle class could enjoy wealthy’s luxuries Dwellings
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Brick row houses (early 1800s) Middle class: cast iron balconies, curved staricases Working class: subdivided for multiple family occupancy Tenements: worst of them, Irish and free blacks MIddle class: fine furniture, wool carpet, wallpaper, piano, pictures, mirrors
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern