APUSH Ch 4 - APUSH Ch 4 Outline The Bonds of Empire...

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APUSH Ch 4 Outline: The Bonds of Empire, 1660-1750 Kylie Stine Alexander Garden angry at George Whitefield’s prosecutions Whitefield first intercolonial celebrity (orator) 2 currents: o Protestant revival (Whitefield best preacher) o Enlightenment- natural science (Benjamin Franklin) Late 17 th century- England tightened economic bonds with colonies Rebellion and War, 1660-1713 Restoration (1660) of monarchy- no resolving of political antagonisms Charles II and James II tried to strengthen crown o @ Expense of Parliament England overthrew James, replaced w/ daughter Mary & husband Mass, NY, MD carried out revolts Royal Centralization, 1660-1688 Restoration monarchs- little use for representative gov’t o Intentions to directly control North America evident in NY Proprietor basically forbade NY’s assembly to meet Massachusetts most persistent in defending self-gov’t & resisting English o Crown wanted Mass to base voting rights on property ownership Tolerate Anglicans and Quakers Observe Navigation Acts o General Court declared Mass exempt Charles II wanted to break Puritan power o 1679: carved New Hampshire out of Mass land o 1684: declared Massachusetts royal, revokoing charter James accelerated royal centralization o 1686- consolidated MA, NH, CT, RI, and Plymouth “Dominion of New England” Boston capital o 1688- added NY & Jerseys o Single governor- Sir Edmund Andros Massachusetts hated dominion and governor Andros limited towns to 1 annual meeting NY had high tensions- Catholics held prominent political and military posts o Colonists feared they’d betray NY to France The Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689 Charles II and James II ignored Parliament, allowed Catholics to hold office & openly worship, expressed friendship w/ King Louis XIV English tolerated James’ Catholicism at first o 1688: son to be raised catholic England invited Mary to overthrow father (with Husband, Prince William of Orange) James fled to France “Glorious Revolution”
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APUSH Ch 4 Outline: The Bonds of Empire, 1660-1750 Kylie Stine Glorious Revolution created a “limited monarchy” defined by English Bill of Rights News of James’ flee electrified New Englanders’ o 4/18/1689- Boston’s militia arrested Andros & councilors King William III reined in Mass’s independent leanings o 1691- issued new charter- crown would continue to choose governor o Property ownership, not church membership, voting criteria o Massachusetts must tolerate all Protestants New Hampshire separated NY’s counterpart of Glorious Revolution- Leisler’s Rebellion o May 31, 1689- City’s militia (non-English) seized harbor’s main fort o Militia Captain Jacob Leisler- took command of colony Repaired rundown defenses Called elections for an assembly o English troops arrived in 1691 Leisler thought they were loyal to James II didn’t grant entry Skirmish resulted, Leisler arrested o “Hott brain’d” Leisler o
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