Worksheet # 3 Ch.4 - Name Date Pd UNIT V Worksheet 1 1 An...

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Unformatted text preview: Name Date Pd UNIT V: Worksheet 1 1. ' An elevator is moving up at a constant velocity of 2.5 m/s, as illustrated in the diagram below: The man has a mass of 85. kg. a. Construct a force diagram for the man. b. What force does the floor exert on the man? 2. The elevator now accelerates upward at 2.0 m/sz. Construct a force diagram for the man. 9’ b. What force does the floor now exert on the man? ©Modeling Workshop Project 2006 1 Unit I Teacher Notes v3.0 3. Upon reaching the top of the building, the elevator accelerates downward at 3.0 In/SZ. a. Construct a force diagram for the man. b. What force does the floor now exert on the man? 4. While descending in the elevator, the cable suddenly breaks. What is the force of the floor on the man? ©Modeling Workshop Project 2006 2 Unit I Teacher Notes v3.0 5. Consider the situation where a person that has a mass of 68 kg is descending in an elevator at a constant velocity of 4.0 m/s. At some time "t", the elevator starts to slow to a stop at the rate of 2.0 m/sz. a. Construct, in the margin to the left, a qualitative motion map indicating the relative positions, velocities and accelerations of the elevator as it descends. b. Construct Quantitative force diagrams (include magnitudes) for the person in the elevator as it descends at (a) constant speed and (b) during its period of acceleration. c. If the person in the elevator were standing on a bathroom scale calibrated in newtons, what would the scale read while the elevator was (a) descending at constant speed and (b) while slowing to a stop? Please explain your answers. ©Modeling Workshop Project 2006 3 Unit I Teacher Notes v3 .0 Name Date Pd UNIT V: Worksheet 2 ' For each of the problems below, you must begin your solution with a force diagram. Some require more than one diagram. 1. A 4600 kg helicopter accelerates upward at 2.0 m/sz. What lift force is exerted by the air on the propellers? i. The maximum force that a grocery bag can Withstand without ripping is 250 N. Suppose that the bag is filled with 20. kg of groceries and lifted with an acceleration of 5.0 III/$2. Do the groceries stay in the bag? 3. A student, standing on a scale in an elevator at rest, sees that his weight is 840 N. As the elevator rises, his weight increases to 1050 N, then returns to normal. When the elevator slows to a stop at the 10th floor, his weight drops to 588 N, then returns to normal. Draw a motion map for the student during his elevator ride. Determine the acceleration at the beginning and end of the trip. 4. A sign in an elevator states that the maximum occupancy is 20 persons. Suppose that the safety engineers assume the mass of the average rider is 75 kg. The elevator itself has a mass of 500 kg. The cable supporting the elevator can tolerate a maximum force of 30, 000 N. What is the greatest acceleration that the elevator's motor can produce without snapping the cable? ©Modeling Workshop Project 2006 1 Unit V wsZ v3 .0 For these problems, you will have to use kinematic formulas as well as Newton 's 2nd Law. 5. A race car has a mass of 710 kg. It starts from rest and travels 40.0m in 3.05. The car is unifonnly accelerated during the entire time. What net force is acting on the car? 6. Suppose that a 1000 kg car is traveling at 25 m/s (2'55 mph). Its brakes can apply a force of 5000N. What is the minimum distance required for the car to stop? 7. A 65 kg person dives into the water from the 10 m platform. a) What is her speed as she enters the water? b) She comes to a stop 2.0 m below the surface of the water. What net force did the water exert on the swimmer? 8. ' During a head-on collision, a passenger in the front seat of a car accelerates from 13.3 m/s (z 30 miles/hour) to rest in 0.10 s. a) What is the acceleration of the passenger? b) The driver of the car holds out his arm to keep his 25 kg child (who is not wearing a seat belt) fi'om smashing into the dashboard. What force must he exert on the child? c) What is the weight of the child? (1) Convert these forces from N to pounds. (x 4141521 ). What are the chances the driver Will be able to stop the child? ©Modeling Workshop Project 2006 2 Unit V ws2 v3 .0 ...
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