7-ogyu sorai - 3.27 Tokugawa Japan Bendo, A Discourse on...

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3.27Tokugawa JapanBendo, A Discourse on the Way“A Serpent’s Lust”Tokugawa Japan (1600-1868)Social reality:The military overtone of ruling groupsThe discontent of samurai武士-Tokugawa is a period which merchant rose from the bottom in thehierarchyMerchants dominating economyAbout 300 academies run by Confucian scholars (Jusha) in Edo-National learning: go back to the beginning of Japan.-Dutch learning: beginning: for a practical reason: diseaseCultural contextThe Tokugawa regime favored Neo-Confucianism.Critical approaches of Ogyu Sorai-Cast doubt on Neo-Confucian dominance.---The leader did not have the language skill, so they misread theConfucian at the beginning. He has got the true thesis of the Confucianclassics. Tokugawa Japan is in big trouble.-How to turn the ancient wisdom into one’s strength?Cross ReferenceNeo-Confucian thought:The cosmos is a moral order; human affairs can prosper only when they arein harmony with the moral nature of the natural world.---The social activities have to be attuned理解的to the natural world.The Daoist school:Denounced谴责the artificial construct of the government.Ogyu Sorai’s approach—against the neo-confucian and the daoist schoolThe government is a creation of the early kings. You will never become asage, because the sage is only deserved by early king. The government is notan extension in the natural world.

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Term
Spring
Professor
HaoTung
Tags
Confucianism, Tokugawa Japan, Ogyu Sorai

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