2. NATO-Warsaw Pact - 2 NATO Warsaw Pact In 1949 the prospect of further communist expansion prompted the US and 11 other Western nations to for the

2. NATO-Warsaw Pact - 2 NATO Warsaw Pact In 1949 the...

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2. NATO/ Warsaw Pact In 1949, the prospect of further communist expansion prompted the US and 11 other Western nations to for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact in 1955. The alignment of nearly every European Nation into one of the two opposing camps formalized the political division of the European continent that had taken place since WWII. This alignment provided the framework for the military standoff that continued throughout the cold war. 1 The structure of NATO is designed for a purely defensive war but it would function if the political decisions for national forces are quick so NATO can mobilize in time for a surprise attack against the Warsaw Pact and the Atlantic air and sea passages are kept open to allow the reinforcements to cross Europe. Pre-positioning huge stocks of equipment and supplies in Europe and conducting large

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