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Unformatted text preview: TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP
A. Transactional leadership involves motivating and directing followers primarily through appealing to their own self-interest.
B. Three primary components of transactional leadership are: 1. Provides contingent rewards 2. Exhibits active management by exception 3. Emphasizes passive management by exception C. Practices of effective transactional leaders are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. They ask: "What needs to be done?" They ask: "What is right for the organization?" They develop action plans They take responsibility for actions They take responsibility for communication D. "Pure" transactional leaders. 1. May tend to overemphasize detailed and short-term goals, standard operating procedures, rules, and policies.
2. May be effective only when organizational problems are simple, clear, and well defined.
3. Attempt to influence others by exchanging good performance for extrinsic rewards such as wages, financial incentives, benefits, and status symbols such as a larger office.
4. Are likely to provide punishment when there is a failure to perform. B CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP
A. Charismatic leadership involves motivating and directing followers primarily by developing in them a strong emotional commitment to a vision and set of shared values.
B. Key components of the charismatic leadership model are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Possesses extraordinary personal qualities Emphasizes shared vision and values Promotes shared identity Exhibits desired behaviors Reflects strength C. Charismatic leaders gain power because their followers identify with them. 1. The communication competency of charismatic leaders is rare. 2. The role of followers where charismatic leadership exists is critical. 3. A "personalized charismatic leader" is one who possesses a dominant, Machiavellian, and self-centered personality. ^ AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP.
A. Authentic leadership refers to individuals who: 1. Know and understand themselves 2. Know what they believe and value 3. Act upon their values and beliefs through open and honest communications with subordinates and others
B. The key components of the model of charismatic leadership include: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Stimulates follower identification Creates hope Reflects trust Shows positive emotions Raises optimism C. How do authentic leaders: 1. Show their values? 2. Handle their mistakes? D. The focus of authentic leadership is on understanding enough about yourself to be able to state things with confidence. TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP.
A. Introduction. 1. Transformational leadership involves anticipating future trends, inspiring followers to understand and embrace a new vision of possibilities, developing others to be leaders or better leaders, and building the organization or group into a community of challenged and rewarded learners.
2. The components of transformational leadership that relate to followers include:
a. b. c. d. Inspirational motivation Intellectual stimulation Idealized influence Individualized consideration B. Inspirational motivation. 1. Inspirational motivation involves providing others with a sense of meaning and challenge.
a. The appeal is to followers': i. Sense of pride ii. Self-esteem iii. Other intrinsic motivators 2. Vision is a view of a future desired state. a. The foundation of transformational leadership is the framing and inspirational and promotion of a consistent vision and set of values.
C. Intellectual stimulation. 1. Intellectual stimulation is encouraging followers to "think out of the box" by being innovative and creative.
2. Intellectually, transformational leaders promote: a. Creativity b. Rationality c. Thoughtful problem solving D. Idealized influence. 1. Idealized influence reflects the behaviors of transformational leaders. 2. Positive idealized influence allows followers to feel free to question what is being advocated.
3. Transformational leaders use which bases of power to move individuals and teams toward a vision and its related goals? Expert Legitimate Reward Referent Coercive E. Individualized consideration. 1. Individualized consideration is when transformational leaders provide special attention to each follower's needs for achievement and growth.
F. Implications for leaders. 1. In transformational leadership, the role of the "right to fail" is vital to the most difficult, complex, and vague organizational threats, opportunities, and weaknesses.
2. Synergy occurs when people together create new alternatives and solutions that are better than their individual efforts.
a. Synergy is created by people who have learned to think win-win and who listen in order to understand the other person. ...
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- Spring '08