Vesta and Her Importance to Rome - Vesta and Her Importance to Rome By Shelby Lott Lilia Roman Mythology and Where it Started As Rome conquered foreign

Vesta and Her Importance to Rome - Vesta and Her Importance...

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Unformatted text preview: Vesta and Her Importance to Rome By: Shelby Lott, Lilia Roman Mythology and Where it Started As Rome conquered foreign territories, they would adopt certain aspects of their culture One example of this would be when the Romans adopted the Greek Gods as their own, changing their names and even some of their stories so that they would be more Roman Thus the Roman Mythology that we know today was started Mythology is the collection of myths, which are sacred stories passed down through the generations History of Vesta Vesta, whose Greek counterpart is Hestia, is the first daughter of Saturnus and Ops, also known as the youngest and oldest daughter Holds a seat on the Dei Consentes, or the Roman Council of 12 Gods Vesta is a Virgin Goddess, her focus is on domestic tranquility Symbols of Vesta Vesta was the Goddess of the Hearth, which is focus in Latin, Hom, and Domestic Life The hearth was important in Roman culture, as it symbolized the heart of the family, and it was vital to the survival of the people Because of this, Vesta’s symbol became the sacred fire Sacred Fire of Vesta In Ancient Rome, the sacred fire was the fire that eternally burned in the Temple of Vesta It was attended to by the Vestal Virgins, Rome’s only full time clergy The Sacred Fire burned at the hearth at the Temple of Vesta, and it was closely tied to the success or failure of the City Temple of Vesta The Temple of Vesta was located in the Roman Forum, the center of Roman life and home to it’s important government and religious buildings As Vesta was initially worshipped in the home, the architecture of the Temple was meant to reflect this with its circular shape The entrances all faced the East, symbolizing the importance of the Sacred Fire and its connection to the sun Vestal Virgins The Vestal Virgins were the Priestesses of Vesta, and the Vestalium Maxima was Rome’s most important High Priestess Chosen at a young age to serve, they would take a vow of chastity and their service lasted 30 years The Priestesshood consisted of six Vestal Virgins at a time, and their main duty was to tend to the Sacred Fire The fire was a reflection of the city, so if it went out, the Vestal Virgins were held responsible Privileges of the Vestal Virgins In the patriarchal society of Rome, the Vestal Virgins were actually awarded many rights and honors They could hold property, make their own will, and vote Known as incorruptible, so their word was fact Were trusted with important state documents The penalty for harming a Vestal Virgin was death They had the power to pardon slaves and the condemned After they retired, they were still respected and received a large pension Notable Vestales Rhea Silvia Aemilia Marcia and Licinia Rubia Aquilia Severa Coelia Concordia Vestalia The festival that celebrated Vesta Was held from June 7 to June 15 Most notable for the fact that this was the only time that the inner sanctum of the Temple was open to outsiders Worship At Home As goddess of the home, Vesta was one of the most worshipped goddesses in Rome She was important to the women of Roman households especially as the hearth was the center of their lives Importance in Rome Vesta was the protector of Rome, which was seen as the Hearth of the Great Roman Family Her Sacred Fire symbolized the success of the Roman State She held a very prominent spot in Roman Religion Disbandment of Vestal Virgins In 394 AD, the Christian emperor Theodosius I extinguished the Sacred Fire. With this, the rites of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins were abandoned ...
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  • Spring '08
  • Ancient Rome, Romulus and Remus, Vestal Virgins, Vestal Virgin, vesta

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