Ch 3 Carbohydrates SV - Carbohydrates Chapter 3 CHO Classification Simple CHOs Monosaccharides Complex CHOs Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Simple

Ch 3 Carbohydrates SV - Carbohydrates Chapter 3 CHO...

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Carbohydrates Chapter 3
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CHO Classification Simple CHOs Monosaccharides Complex CHOs Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides
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Simple Carbohydrates Monosaccharides Glucose Galactose Fructose Disaccharides Sucrose Lactose Maltose
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Foods with Monosaccharides Glucose: Galactose: Celery, beets, honey, cherries, plums, spinach Fructose:
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Foods with Disaccharides Sucrose: Brown sugar, Gatorade (sports drinks), pineapples, carrots Lactose: Maltose: Sweet potatoes, turnips, pears, ketchup, granola bars, tootsie rolls
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Complex Carbohydrates Oligosaccharide s Short chains 3 to 10 sugars Maltodextrin Corn syrup Polysaccharides ▫Long chains ▫> 10 sugars Starch Glycogen
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Other Polysaccharides Dietary Fiber Non-digestible Plant sources Non-energy producing Soluble versus insoluble
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Soluble Fiber Non-digestible plant fiber Dissolves in water Aids in health digestive system, lowering blood cholesterol, and regulates blood sugar Sources include:
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Insoluble fiber Non-digestible plant fiber Does not dissolve in water Aids in keeping your bowel regular Sources include:
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Functional/Isolated Fiber ▫Non-digestible ▫Commercially produced or isolated form ▫Added to foods such cereals, soups, baked goods Dietary + Functional = Total Fiber Other Polysaccharides
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How much Fiber do I need?
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  • Spring '08
  • WIENER
  • Glucose, Carbohydrate, CHO, athlete eat

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