Exam One Study Guide

Exam One Study Guide - Exam One Study Guide Introduction to...

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iopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcv Exam One Study Guide Introduction to Anthropology 2/11/2008 Maggie Griffin
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Holistic Perspective – most fundamental principle of anthropology. Parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in broad context to understand their interdependence Anthros – mankind Pology – the study of What do Anthropologist study? Ancient human DNA Guatemalan, and Maya religion rituals Prehistoric diet Pottery temper Human skin Child labor Language dialects Fossil of a million- year-old hominids The sacred cross of Anthropology: *They study people now and before What is culture? Passed on from one generation to the next Culture with a capital “C” (all that encompasses it) Edward Tyler’s definition of Culture: 2
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Shared ideas, and behavior Culture is learned Culture is adaptive Cultures change Culture is a system The culture system (3 parts) *If there is some change in one of the categories it will affect the other two Culture and Biology are inseparable together Anthropology as a Science: The scientific method Deductive: starting experimentation with a theory Inductive: starting with observable data *False hypothesis= more data that helps other scientists Anthropology as Humanity: Art Literature 3
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Music Dance Ritual Philosophy The Four Fields of Anthropology Physical : biological anthropology. The systematic study of humans as biological organisms. Primatology – the study of living and fossil primates. Forensic Anthropology – identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes. Cultural : study of customary patterns in social behavior Synchronic Ethnography – writings about people based on field work (on location research) Ethnology – study of the writings, library scene. Seek to compare. Linguistics Diachronic aspect of cultural anthropology Archaeology – the study of byproducts of human activities which have accumulated in the ground Diachronic Aspect Cultures that existed in the past 4
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Plato Sought a material explanation of creation Nature is a physical matter moving in accord to the natural law God is a remote creator of primordial matter and the laws of motion by which it operates Aristotle Developed methods for study of nature Taxonomy of Nature – scientific classification of nature Fixity of Species –species are perfect the way they are. They will not evolve : fixed for all time Medieval Paradigm (world view) Scholars were Catholic monks & praised God by learning of his creations (first real scientists) Life created by God Life is fixed Archbishop James Ussher believes the world was created 4004 BC by tracing
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course ANT 1301 taught by Professor Macauley during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Exam One Study Guide - Exam One Study Guide Introduction to...

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