March3 - Monday March 3 2008 History 314 The Cold War...

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Monday, March 3, 2008 History 314 The Cold War Intensifies 1. Truman Doctrine 2. Marshall Plan (ERP) 3. NATO Terms to know: Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech, Crises in Greece and Turkey, Walter Lippmann, HUAC, National Security Act, Berlin Airlift, Brussels Pact Announcement: A study sheet for the first prelim will be posted on the web site. 1. Truman Doctrine - Kennan’s long telegram was discussed last lecture. This was a hugely important document in American foreign policy. It was well accepted in Washington because Kennan released it with perfect timing. Stalin has just given an election speech and made aggressive actions in Turkey, Iran, and Germany. Kennan’s explanation was so attractive because he blamed the Soviet Union entirely for the emerging Cold War. Others said the United States had some responsibility. - Kennan suggested Russia could be contained. There would be no need for negotiations or compromise with Stalin and Moscow. He spoke to sentiments already taking place in Washington. So Kennan was the architect of containment, but not necessarily the father. - The Truman Doctrine, 1947, follows the containment policy closely. A crisis in Greece and Turkey broke out. Britain said they could not longer pay for the anti-communist efforts in these countries. Truman was not surprised or disappointed. He wanted to out flank Russia and rid the region of communism. - A civil war broke out in Greece. Loyalists fought communists. Truman went to Congress to ask for $300 million for Greece and $100 million for Turkey to chase out communist forces.
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